MEASUREMENT

Evidence-based Measures of Empowerment for Research on Gender Equality

Photograph Courtesy of Paula Bronstein /The Verbatim Agency/Getty Images

HEALTH

The health dimension includes measures of general health, reproductive health, maternal and child health, and health access. This can include bodily harm, mental health, or contraceptive use measures.

 High Psychometric Score Short Measure Multi-Country

SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AUTONOMY AND SAFETY

+ View Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) Stigma Scale

+ View Adolescents Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs and Actions (ASABA)

+ View Attitudes Towards Sexual IPV: Wife Can Refuse Sex (Men Reporting)

+ View Belief in Women’s Health Rights Subscale

+ View Belief in Women’s Right to Refuse Sex Scale 

+ View Community Collectivisation Indicators

+ View Condom Use Self-Efficacy Measure

+ View Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale (CUSES)

+ View Contraceptive Use Stigma

+ View Date and Acquaintance Rape Avoidance Scale

+ View Dating and Digital Abuse

+ View Decisional Balance scale

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Contraception

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Contraceptive Decision-Making

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Current Pregnancy Intentions 

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Daughter’s Experience of Female Genital Cutting (FGC)

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Experiences of Female Genital Cutting (FGC)

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Exposure to Family Planning Resources

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Fertility Preferences for Future

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Fertility Preferences of Born Children

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Menstrual Hygiene and Privacy

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Reproductive Coercion

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Sexual Activity

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Sexual and Contraceptive Attitudes in Marriage 

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Sexual and Contraceptive Autonomy in Marriage 

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Use of Contraception

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Use of Family Planning Resources

+ View Equitable Attitudes within Relationships Scale

+ View Experience of Digital Sexual Abuse

+ View Exposure Screening Protocol-Sexual Assault

+ View Family Planning Approval Index

+ View Family Planning Belief Index

+ View Family Planning Self-Efficacy Scale

+ View Family Planning Service Quality

+ View Female Condom Attitude Scale Scale

+ View Female Sex Worker (FSW) Empowerment Index

+ View Female Sex Worker (FSW) and High-Risk Men Who Have Sex with Men (HR-MSM) Collective Efficacy

+ View Female Sex Worker (FSW) and High-Risk Men Who Have Sex with Men (HR-MSM) Self-efficacy for Condom Use with Commercial Partners

+ View Female Sex Worker (FSW) and High-Risk Men Who Have Sex with Men (HR-MSM) Self-efficacy for Service Utilization from Government Health Facilities

+ View Gender Norms Around Domestic Violence

+ View Gender Norms Around Women’s Right to Refuse Sex

+ View Gender Norms Regarding Contraception

+ View Gender Relations Scale

+ View Gendered Norms about Romantic Engagement Early in Adolescence

+ View Health Workers’ Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

+ View Household Decision Making Power Index

+ View IHDS-2: Fertility Preferences

+ View Incidence of Negative Experiences Online

+ View Indian Family Violence and Control Scale (IFVCS)

+ View Indian Person-Centered Family Planning Scale

+ View Individual Deprivation Measure

+ View Interpersonal Quality of Family Planning (IQFP) Scale

+ View Justification of violence – Afro Barometer Survey

+ View Kenyan Person-Centered Family Planning Scale

+ View Lifetime Reproductive Coercion – India

+ View Moral Disengagement in Sexual Harassment (MDiSH) Scale

+ View NFHS4 Fertility Preferences

+ View Perception of Digital Abuse as a Problem

+ View Perceptions of Life on the Internet

+ View Quality of Care in Family Planning Services

+ View Quality of Contraceptive Counseling Scale

+ View Reproductive Autonomy Scale (RAS)

+ View Reproductive Coercion Scale

+ View Reproductive Coercion Scale – Short Form

+ View Reproductive Decision-Making Agency

+ View Reproductive Empowerment Scale

+ View Response to Digital Abuse

+ View Self-Efficacy Scale

+ View Self-Efficacy to Discuss and Use Family Planning Scale

+ View Self-Efficacy to go to Health Facility Scale

+ View Self-Efficacy to Refuse Sex Scale

+ View Sexual Assertiveness Scale

+ View Sexual Awareness Questionnaire

+ View Sexual Relationship Power Scale

+ View Social Institutions Gender Index (SIGI) 

+ View Social Norms Related to Family Planning

+ View Spousal Communication

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)-Exclusion and Discrimination

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)-Negative Stereotyping of Women

+ View Support for Traditional Gender Roles (Male Dominance) Scale

+ View Unplanned Pregnancy

+ View VACS Sex for Money or Goods 

+ View VACS Sexual Activities and Practices 

+ View Women’s Empowerment in East Africa Measure 

+ View Women’s Empowerment in Rural Bangladesh Measure

+ View Women’s Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

GENDER BASED VIOLENCE

+ View An Updated Measure for Assessing Subtle Rape Myths

+ View Abusive Behavior Inventory

+ View Abusive Behavior Inventory – Revised

+ View Adult Coercive Sexual Environments (CSE) Scale

+ View Afro Barometer Survey Round 7 2018: Justification of Violence

+ View Attitudes Toward Rape Victims Scale

+ View Belief in Women’s Right to Refuse Sex Scale 

+ View Checklist for Assessment of GEnder Disadvantage (CAGED)

+ View Childhood Trauma Questionnaire – Short Form

+ View Composite Abuse Scale

+ View Composite Abuse Scale Revised-Short Form

+ View Controlling Partners Inventory (CPI)

+ View Cyber Aggression Measure

+ View Cyber Dating Abuse Questionnaire

 

+ View Date and Acquaintance Rape Avoidance Scale

+ View Dating and Digital Abuse

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Attitudes Toward Physical Partner Violence

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Female Perpetration of Physical Violence

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Help-Seeking & Disclosure

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Lifetime Experience of Forced Sex

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Physical & Sexual Violence and Control Tactics by Former Spouse

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Physical & Sexual Violence by Non-Partner

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Physical & Sexual Violence by Spouse or Partner

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Violence During Pregnancy

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Parental Domestic Violence

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Sexual Activity

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Spousal Control

+ View Drinking Expectancy Sexual Vulnerabilities Questionnaire (DESV-Q)

+ View Empirical Expectations Measure

+ View Experience of Digital Sexual Abuse

+ View Experiences of Sexual Harassment in Public Spaces

+ View Exposure Screening Protocol-Physical Assault

+ View Exposure Screening Protocol-Sexual Assault

+ View Factors Affecting Women’s Safety in Public Spaces

+ View Financial Decision-Making Responsibility Measure

+ View Gender Norms Around Domestic Violence

+ View Gender Relations Scale

+ View Health Workers’ Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

+ View IHDS-2: Gender relations: Norms around IPV

+ View Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale (IRMA)

+ View Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale – Short Form (IRMA-SF)

+ View Incidence of Negative Experiences Online

+ View Indian Family Violence and Control Scale (IFVCS)

+ View Individual Deprivation Measure

+ View Justifiable Actions

+ View Labor Market Panel Survey-Jordan: Marriage, Fertility and Women’s Status

+ View Latent Women’s Empowerment

+ View Latinobarómetro Survey 2017: Violence

+ View Malayalam Domestic Violence Scale

+ View Moral Disengagement in Sexual Harassment (MDiSH) Scale

+ View Negotiated Spaces for Women’s Health

+ View NFHS4 Domestic Violence (Non-Perpetrator Specific) Measure

+ View NFHS4 Experiences with Non-Partner Sexual Violence Measure

+ View NFHS4 Measure of Physical and Sexual Partner Violence

+ View NFHS4 Violence During Pregnancy Measure

+ View Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales (CTSPC)

+ View Partner Cyber Abuse Questionnaire

+ View Partner-Directed Cyber Aggression Measure

+ View Partner Violence Norms Scale 

+ View Perception of Digital Abuse as a Problem

+ View Perceptions of Life on the Internet

+ View Perpetrator of Sexual Coercion Scale

+ View Perinatal Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Measure

+ View Perinatal Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Measure

+ View Rape Attitudes and Beliefs Scale

+View Rejection of Intimate Partner Violence Scale

+ View Reproductive Autonomy Scale (RAS)

+ View Reproductive Coercion Scale

+ View Reproductive Coercion Scale – Short Form

+ View Response to Digital Abuse

+ View Revised Conflict Tactics Scales – Short Form (CTS2S)

+ View Scale of Economic Abuse

+ View Self-Efficacy to Refuse Sex Scale

+ View Sex Trafficking Attitudes Scale (STAS)

+ View Sexual Assertiveness Scale

+ View Sexual Experiences Questionnaire-Workplace

+ View Sexual Experiences Survey-Short Form Perpetration

+ View Sexual Experiences Survey-Short Form Victimization

+ View Social Institutions Gender Index (SIGI)

+ View Social Norms and Beliefs about Gender Based Violence Scale

+ View Social Reactions Questionnaire – Shortened

+ View Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA) Guide

+ View Static-99R

+ View Static-2002R

+ View Teen Dating Violence Measure 

+ View The Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2)

+ View Timeline Followback interview—Children’s Exposure to Partner Violence (TLFB-CEPV)

+ View VACS Emotional Violence

+ View VACS Help-Seeking and Services after Sexual Incident

+ View VACS Mental Health

+ View VACS Physical Violence from Authority Figure

+ View VACS Services Received for Violence

+ View VACS Sexual Activities and Practices 

+ View VACS Sexual Violence-Touching without Consent

+ View Victim of Sexual Coercion Scale

 

+ View Women’s Agency in Egypt Measure

+ View WHO World Mental Health-CIDI: Marriage 

+ View Women’s Empowerment in East Africa Measure 

+ View Women’s Voices in Open, Inclusive Communities and Effective Spaces (VOICES)

+ View Youth Coercive Sexual Environments (CSE) Scale

MORBIDITY / MORTALITY

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Daughter’s Experience of Female Genital Cutting (FGC)

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Female Perpetration of Physical Violence

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Help-Seeking & Disclosure

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Lifetime Experience of Forced Sex

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Physical & Sexual Violence and Control Tactics by Former Spouse

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Physical & Sexual Violence by Non-Partner

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Physical & Sexual Violence by Spouse or Partner

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8 Domestic Violence Module: Violence During Pregnancy

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Experiences of Female Genital Cutting (FGC)

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Fistula Due to Sexual Assault

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Injury and Death

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Self-Reported Health Status

+ View Demographic and Health Surveys Phase 8: Spousal Control

+ View Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS)

+ View Exposure Screening Protocol-Physical Assault

+ View Gender Based Household Maltreatment Measure

+ View Individual Deprivation Measure

+ View Kuwait University Anxiety Scale

+ View Perinatal In-Law Violence (ILV) Measure

+ View Revised Conflict Tactics Scales – Short Form (CTS2S)

+ View Static-2002R

+ View Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs, and Actions Scale (SABAS)- Fear of Contagion

+ View VACS Mental Health