The Partner-Directed Cyber Aggression Measure includes 5-items that asks respondents if they acted aggressively toward their romantic partner via technologies such as the Internet or a cell phone. Items were categorized as cyber relationally aggressive behaviors (e.g. using the internet to make their partner jealous) and privacy invasion (e.g. reviewing their partner's text messages without his/her permission).
Geographies Tested: United States of America
Populations Included: Female, Male
Age Range: Adolescents
Cyber Relational Aggression
1. I try to make my romantic partner jealous when I'm mad at himher online or through text messages
2. I ignore my romantic partner when heshe has hurt my feelings in some way online or through text messages
3. When my romantic partner makes me mad, I will flirt with someone else online or through text messages
4. I have logged into my romantic partner's online accounts in order to check up on himher
5. I have checked my romantic partner's text messages without hisher permission in order to see what heshe is up to
A 5-point rating scale was used ranging from 1 = "never" to 5 = "all the time".
Wright, M. F. (2015). Cyber Aggression Within Adolescents’ Romantic Relationships: Linkages to Parental and Partner Attachment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 44(1), 37-47.
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing