Evidence-based Measures of Empowerment for Research on Gender Equality

Photograph © Gender Equity + Health (GEH)


EMERGE (Evidence-based Measures of Empowerment for Research on Gender Equality) is a project focused on gender equality and empowerment measures to monitor and evaluate health programs and to track progress on UN Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 5: To Achieve Gender Equality and Empower All Girls. As reported by UN Women (2018), only 2 of the 14 SDG 5 indicators have accepted methodologies for measurement and data widely available. Of the remaining 12, 9 are indicators for which data are collected and available in only a limited number of countries. This assessment suggests notable measurement gaps in the state of gender equality and empowerment worldwide. EMERGE aims to improve the science of gender equality and empowerment measurement by identifying these gaps through the compilation and psychometric evaluation of available measures and supporting scientifically rigorous measure development research in India.

This site serves as a culmination of EMERGE research efforts.

Visit our Search Page to search for measures relevant to your work and visit the User Tools page to understand our scoring methodologies and to access additional resources on Gender Equality and Empowerment.

What is a Measure?

Measures are used to track improvements in key constructs of interest, in this case, gender equality and empowerment (GE/E). GE/E measures assess unequal distribution of resources and opportunities that advantage or benefit males over females due to their sex. Measures are assessed using survey items (individual questions) that address specific constructs (e.g. age at marriage). Measures can also be assessed using scales, which are a collection of survey items combined into a composite score, usually related to a specific construct (e.g. mental health, or sub-constructs e.g. depression, sadness).