India Human Development Survey- II Women's Questionnaire: Marital History

This measure uses 6 self-reported items from the second round of the Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS) Women's Questionnaire. IHDS is a nationally representative, multi-dimensional survey conducted across India. This measure captures information about women’s marital history including age at marriage and menstrual history relative to marriage. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located at


Geographies Tested: India

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Now, I would like to ask you some questions about marriage arrangements at the time of your [present] marriage…

1. How old were you when you got married?

Response Options:
________ [Age in years]

2. Which month and year was this?

Response options:
________ [Month]
________ [YEAR]

3. How old were you when you first started living with your husband (had gauna)?

Response Options:
________ [Age in years]

4. Which month and year was this?

Response Options:
________ [Month]
________ [YEAR]

5. And how old were you when you first started having your periods?

Response Options:
________ [Age in years]

6. Was this…

Response Options:
Before your (first) marriage = 1
After your (first) marriage but before your gauna = 2
More than one month but less than one year = 3
More than one year = 4
Since childhood = 5

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Desai, S., & Vanneman, R. (2015). India Human Development Survey-II (IHDS-II). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. https://doi. org/10.3886/ICPSR36151. v6.

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Formative Research

Qualitative Research

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Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








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