India Human Development Survey- II Women's Questionnaire: Beliefs around Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH)

This measure uses 3 self-reported items from the second round of the Indian Human Development Survey (IHDS) Women's Questionnaire. IHDS is a nationally representative, multi-dimensional survey conducted across India. This measure captures perceptions of women around MNCH behaviors and practices. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located at


Geographies Tested: India

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Now, I am going to ask you about several things that may or may not make a person healthy or sick. People disagree sometimes over whether these things really make people healthy or sick. I am interested in what your opinion is about whether they make people healthy or sick.

1. Is it harmful to drink 1-2 glasses of milk every day during pregnancy?

Response Options:
No - 0
Yes - 1
Don't Know - 8

2. Do you think that the first yellow milk that comes out after a baby is born is good for the baby, harmful for the baby, or it doesn’t matter?

Response Options:
Good - 1
Harmful - 2
Doesn’t matter - 3

3. When children have diarrhea, do you think they should be given less to drink than usual, more to drink than usual, about the same, or it doesn’t matter?

Response Options:
Less than usual - 1
More than usual - 2
About the same - 3
It doesn’t matter - 4
No opinion Don't Know - 8

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Desai, S., & Vanneman, R. (2015). India Human Development Survey-II (IHDS-II). Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research. https://doi. org/10.3886/ICPSR36151. v6.

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Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








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