Modern Sexism

Modern Sexism is an 8-item measure of the denial of continued discrimination against women, antagonism toward women's demands, and lack of support for policies designed to help women.


ITEMS:

Denial of continuing discrimination
1. Discrimination against women is no longer a problem in the United States.*
2. Women often miss out on good jobs due to sexual discrimination.
3. It is rare to see women treated in a sexist manner on television.*
4. On average, people in our society treat husbands and wives equally.*
5. Society has reached the point where women and men have equal opportunities for achievement.*

Antagonism toward women's demands
6. It is easy to understand the anger of women's groups in America.
7. It is easy to understand why women's groups are still concerned about societal limitations of women's opportunities.

Resentment about special favors for women
8. Over the past few years, the government and news media have been showing more concern about the treatment of women than is warranted by women's actual experiences.*

*Items are reverse scored

Response Options:
7-point Likert scale
Strongly agree - 1
Strongly disagree - 7

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The item scores are averaged.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Swim, J. K., Aikin, K. J., Hall, W. S., & Hunter, B. A. (1995). Sexism and racism: Old-fashioned and modern prejudices. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(2), 199-214. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.68.2.199

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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