Modern Sexism is an 8-item measure of the denial of continued discrimination against women, antagonism toward women's demands, and lack of support for policies designed to help women.
1. Discrimination against women is no longer a problem in the United States.*
2. Women often miss out on good jobs due to sexual discrimination.
3. It is rare to see women treated in a sexist manner on television.*
4. On average, people in our society treat husbands and wives equally.*
5. Society has reached the point where women and men have equal opportunities for achievement.*
6. It is easy to understand the anger of women's groups in America.
7. It is easy to understand why women's groups are still concerned about societal limitations of women's opportunities.
8. Over the past few years, the government and news media have been showing more concern about the treatment of women than is warranted by women's actual experiences.*
*Items are reverse scored
7-point Likert scale
Strongly agree - 1
Strongly disagree - 7
The item scores are averaged.
Swim, J. K., Aikin, K. J., Hall, W. S., & Hunter, B. A. (1995). Sexism and racism: Old-fashioned and modern prejudices. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(2), 199-214. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-35188.8.131.52
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing