The Demographic and Health Survey Phase 8 (DHS-8): Cause of Fistula includes 2 items from the Fistula Module assessing the cause of gynecologic fistula. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on both the original household questionnaire located here.
Geographies Tested: Afghanistan,Angola,Burkina Faso,Cambodia,Cameroon,Cote d'Ivoire,Ethiopia,Ghana,Guatemala,Guinea,Kenya,Madagascar,Mozambique,Myanmar (Burma),Nepal,Rwanda,Senegal,The Gambia,Zimbabwe
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
1. Did this problem [constant leakage of urine or stool from a woman’s vagina during the day and night] start after you delivered a baby or had a stillbirth?
After delivered baby
After had stillbirth
2. [If response from above = neither] What do you think caused this problem?
Demographic and Health Surveys (2019). Demographic and Health Surveys: Fistula Module. https://dhsprogram.com/publications/publication-DHSQ8-DHS-Questionnaires-and-Manuals.cfm.
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing