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Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being

Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being is a multi-item measure of gender norms in women's autonomy and subjective well being, captured by questions on control, mobility, and perceived happiness. The measure is assessed separately for men and women, with 4 and 5 items each, respectively.

Categories

Geographies Tested: India

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range:

Items:

Women's items

Autonomy
1. I have control over my own life.

Response Options:
Strongly Disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Neither Agree nor Disagree - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly Agree - 5

2. I am able to go to a doctor without asking a man.
3. I am able to go to the market without asking a man

Response Options:
Agree - 1
Disagree - 2

Happiness
4. How happy are you with your life in general?

Response Options:
Very Unhappy - 1
Unhappy - 2
Neither Unhappy nor Happy - 3
Happy - 4
Very Happy - 5

Men's items

Autonomy
1. I have control over my own life.

Response Options
Strongly Disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Neither Agree nor Disagree - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly Agree - 5

2. Women should be able to go to community meetings on their own.
3. Women should be able to go to the doctor without a male escort.
4. Women should be able to go to the market without male permission.

Response Options
Agree - 1
Disagree - 2

Happiness
5. How happy are you with your life in general?

Response Options
Very Unhappy - 1
Unhappy - 2
Neither Unhappy nor Happy - 3
Happy - 4
Very Happy - 5

Scoring Procedures

Mean scores are calculated across groups.

Original Citation

de Hoop, T., van Kempen, L., Linssen, R., & van Eerdewijk, A. (2014). Women's autonomy and subjective well-being: How gender norms shape the impact of self-help groups in Odisha, India. Feminist Economics, 20(3), 103-135. https://doi.org/10.1080/13545701.2014.893388

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