Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being

Women's Autonomy and Subjective Well-Being is a multi-item measure of gender norms in women's autonomy and subjective well being, captured by questions on control, mobility, and perceived happiness. The measure is assessed separately for men and women, with 4 and 5 items each, respectively.


Short Measure Warning Flag

ITEMS:

Women's items

Autonomy
1. I have control over my own life.

Response Options:
Strongly Disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Neither Agree nor Disagree - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly Agree - 5

2. I am able to go to a doctor without asking a man.
3. I am able to go to the market without asking a man

Response Options:
Agree - 1
Disagree - 2

Happiness
4. How happy are you with your life in general?

Response Options:
Very Unhappy - 1
Unhappy - 2
Neither Unhappy nor Happy - 3
Happy - 4
Very Happy - 5

Men's items

Autonomy
1. I have control over my own life.

Response Options
Strongly Disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Neither Agree nor Disagree - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly Agree - 5

2. Women should be able to go to community meetings on their own.
3. Women should be able to go to the doctor without a male escort.
4. Women should be able to go to the market without male permission.

Response Options
Agree - 1
Disagree - 2

Happiness
5. How happy are you with your life in general?

Response Options
Very Unhappy - 1
Unhappy - 2
Neither Unhappy nor Happy - 3
Happy - 4
Very Happy - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

India

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Mean scores are calculated across groups.

PRIMARY CITATION:

de Hoop, T., van Kempen, L., Linssen, R., & van Eerdewijk, A. (2014). Women's autonomy and subjective well-being: How gender norms shape the impact of self-help groups in Odisha, India. Feminist Economics, 20(3), 103-135. https://doi.org/10.1080/13545701.2014.893388

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 3.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

MEDIUM

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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