Gender Role Beliefs Scale (GRBS)

The Gender Role Beliefs Scale is a 20-item self-reported measure of individual perceptions about gender roles. The scale measures gender role beliefs such as etiquette expected of men or women, household gender roles, and decision making power.

High Psychometric Score Warning Flag

ITEMS:

  1. It is disrespectful for a man to swear in the presence of a lady.
  2. Women should not expect men to offer them seats on buses. (R)
  3. Homosexual relationships should be as socially accepted as heterosexual relationships. (R)
  4. The initiative in courtship should usually come from the man.
  5. It bothers me more to see a woman who is pushy than a man who is pushy.
  6. When sitting down at the table, proper respect demands that the gentleman hold the lady’s chair.
  7. Women should have as much sexual freedom as men. (R)
  8. Women should appreciate the protection and support that men have traditionally given them.
  9. Women with children should not work outside the home if they don’t have to financially.
  10. I see nothing wrong with a woman who doesn’t like to wear skirts or dresses. (R)
  11. The husband should be regarded as the legal representative of the family group in all matters of law.
  12. I like women who are outspoken. (R)
  13. Except perhaps in very special circumstances, a gentleman should never allow a lady to pay the taxi, buy the tickets, or pay the check.
  14. Some equality in marriage is good, but by and large the husband ought to have the main say-so in family matters.
  15. Men should continue to show courtesies to women such as holding open the door or helping them on with their coats.
  16. It is ridiculous for a woman to run a locomotive and for a man to darn socks.
  17. A woman should be as free as a man to propose marriage. (R)
  18. Women should be concerned with their duties of childrearing and house tending, rather than with desires for professional and business careers.
  19. Swearing and obscenity is more repulsive in the speech of a woman than a man.
  20. There are some professions and types of businesses that are more suitable for men than women.

Note: (R) indicates a reverse keyed item.

Response Options:
7-point scale
Strongly agree - 1
Strongly disagree - 7

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Canada

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Scores from all 20 items are summed to create a scale total that ranges from 20 (more traditional gender role beliefs) to 140 (more feminist gender role beliefs). Items marked (R) should be reverse coded.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Kerr, P. S., & Holden, R. R. (1996). Development of the gender role beliefs scale (GRBS). Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 11(5), 3.

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 7.00/9 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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