Individual Experience of Household Empowerment

The Individual Experience of Household Empowerment is a 10-item measure that captures aspects of empowerment such as mobility and decision making on household spending or child needs. This measure was used to assess the effect of a cash benefit program called PROGRESA on women’s status and intrahousehold relations in Mexico.


Geographies Tested: Mexico

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


1. Who takes the children to the doctor if they are sick?
2. Who tells the child to go to school?
3. Who gives the child permission to leave?
4. Who decides on expenditures on child clothing?
5. Who decides on food expenses?
6. Who decides on house repairs?
7. Who decides on durables purchases?

Response Options:*
No response
Husband only
Wife only
Both spouses
Other man in household
Other woman in household

8. Who decides how to spend a woman’s extra income?

Response Options:*
No response
She herself
She should give to her husband
Both spouses decide

9. If you (the woman) want to visit your parents, friends or neighbors, do you have to ask permission from your husband?

Response Options:
No response
No husband
Never leaves

10. If you (the woman) need to leave to visit the above, who accompanies you?

Response Options:*
No response
No one
Her children
Her husband
Other people
Never leaves

* Numeric codes for the Response Options above were not provided in the original report.

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Adato, M., De la Briere, B., Mindek, D., & Quisumbing, A. R. (2000). The Impact of PROGRESA on Women's Status and Intra-Household Relations.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


Join the EMERGE Community

to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers