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Perceived Community Stigma Towards Childbearing Among People Living with HIV

The Perceived Community Stigma Towards Childbearing Among People Living with HIV (PLWHIV) scale is a three-item measure designed to assess HIV clients’ perceptions of community stigma surrounding pregnancy and childbearing in HIV-affected couples. Each item is a statement and assesses respondents’ perceptions of communities’ opinions on childbearing among PLWHIV.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Uganda

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults

Items:

1. People in the community look down on HIV+ individuals who want to have a child
2. An HIV+ man who gets his partner pregnant is looked down upon
3. An HIV+ woman who gets pregnant is looked down upon

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Disagree strongly – 1
Agree strongly – 5

Scoring Procedures

Compute the mean item score. Higher scores represent greater perceived community stigma towards childbearing among people living with HIV.

Original Citation

Woldetsadik, M. A., Goggin, K., Staggs, V. S., Wanyenze, R. K., Beyeza-Kashesya, J., Mindry, D., Finocchario-Kessler, S., Khanakwa, S., & Wagner, G. J. (2016). Safer conception methods and counseling: Psychometric evaluation of new measures of attitudes and beliefs among HIV clients and providers. AIDS Behavior, 20(6), 1370-1381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1199-3

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

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