The Perceived Community Stigma Towards Childbearing Among People Living with HIV (PLWHIV) scale is a three-item measure designed to assess HIV clients’ perceptions of community stigma surrounding pregnancy and childbearing in HIV-affected couples. Each item is a statement and assesses respondents’ perceptions of communities’ opinions on childbearing among PLWHIV.
High Psychometric ScoreShort Measure
1. People in the community look down on HIV+ individuals who want to have a child
2. An HIV+ man who gets his partner pregnant is looked down upon
3. An HIV+ woman who gets pregnant is looked down upon
5-point Likert scale
Disagree strongly – 1
Agree strongly – 5
Compute the mean item score. Higher scores represent greater perceived community stigma towards childbearing among people living with HIV.
Woldetsadik, M. A., Goggin, K., Staggs, V. S., Wanyenze, R. K., Beyeza-Kashesya, J., Mindry, D., Finocchario-Kessler, S., Khanakwa, S., & Wagner, G. J. (2016). Safer conception methods and counseling: Psychometric evaluation of new measures of attitudes and beliefs among HIV clients and providers. AIDS Behavior, 20(6), 1370-1381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1199-3
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing