Perceived Community Stigma Towards Childbearing Among People Living with HIV

The Perceived Community Stigma Towards Childbearing Among People Living with HIV (PLWHIV) scale is a three-item measure designed to assess HIV clients’ perceptions of community stigma surrounding pregnancy and childbearing in HIV-affected couples. Each item is a statement and assesses respondents’ perceptions of communities’ opinions on childbearing among PLWHIV.


High Psychometric ScoreShort Measure

ITEMS:

1. People in the community look down on HIV+ individuals who want to have a child
2. An HIV+ man who gets his partner pregnant is looked down upon
3. An HIV+ woman who gets pregnant is looked down upon

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Disagree strongly – 1
Agree strongly – 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Uganda

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Compute the mean item score. Higher scores represent greater perceived community stigma towards childbearing among people living with HIV.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Woldetsadik, M. A., Goggin, K., Staggs, V. S., Wanyenze, R. K., Beyeza-Kashesya, J., Mindry, D., Finocchario-Kessler, S., Khanakwa, S., & Wagner, G. J. (2016). Safer conception methods and counseling: Psychometric evaluation of new measures of attitudes and beliefs among HIV clients and providers. AIDS Behavior, 20(6), 1370-1381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1199-3

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 7.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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