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Provider Stigma of Childbearing Among People Living with HIV

The Provider Stigma of Childbearing Among People Living with HIV (PLWHIV) scale is a five-item measure designed to gauge providers’ views about PLWHIV having children.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Uganda

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults

Items:

1. Children born to an HIV+ parent face more challenges than are necessary
2. HIV+ people often lack all that they need to bring a child into the world
3. HIV+ people who want to have children are being selfish
4. Helping HIV+ people have children is a distraction from more important issues that we need to address as providers
5. Ensuring patients are always having safe protected sex is more important than helping HIV+ people to have children

Response Options:
4-point Likert scale
Disagree strongly – 1
Agree strongly – 4

Scoring Procedures

Compute the mean item score. Higher scores represent greater provider stigma surrounding childbearing among PLWHIV.

Original Citation

Woldetsadik, M. A., Goggin, K., Staggs, V. S., Wanyenze, R. K., Beyeza-Kashesya, J., Mindry, D., Finocchario-Kessler, S., Khanakwa, S., & Wagner, G. J. (2016). Safer conception methods and counseling: Psychometric evaluation of new measures of attitudes and beliefs among HIV clients and providers. AIDS Behavior, 20(6), 1370-1381. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1199-3

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

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