The Attitudes Towards Gender Norms Scale is a 21-item measure of individual attitudes toward gender norms, based on the Gender Equitable Male scale (Pulerwitz and Baker 2008). The items are separated into 3 domains: Manhood and Masculinity, Girls and Women’s Roles, and Boys’ Controlling Behaviors. The scale captures adolescent males’ gender attitudes including aggressiveness, attitudes towards gender normative behavior of men and women, and controlling girls’ behaviors.
Geographies Tested: India
Populations Included: Male
Age Range: Adolescents
Manhood and Masculinity
Girls and Women’s Roles
Boys’ Controlling Behaviors
A boy is justified in:
5-point scale from Agree to Disagree
Scores are summed to create a scale total ranging from 0 to 84. Total scores are separated into tertiles: 0-28 indicating less gender equitable attitudes, 29-56 for moderately equitable attitudes, and 57-84 for more equitable attitudes.
Das, M., Ghosh, S., Verma, R., O'Connor, B., Fewer, S., Virata, M. C., & Miller, E. (2014). Gender attitudes and violence among urban adolescent boys in India. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 19(1), 99-112. DOI: 10.1080/02673843.2012.716762
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing