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Attitudes Towards Gender-based Violence Scale

The Attitudes Towards Gender-based Violence Scale is a 9-item measure of individual attitudes condoning violence against girls, based on the Gender Equitable Male scale (Pulerwitz and Baker 2007).

Categories

Geographies Tested: India

Populations Included: Male

Age Range: Adolescents

Items:

In what situations do girls deserve to be beaten?

  • when she talks to a boy
  • when she goes out to play
  • when she stays out late
  • when she doesn’t help in the household chores
  • when she doesn’t complete her homework
  • when she doesn’t obey elders
  • when she fights with the others in class
  • when she fights with brothers and sisters
  • when she replies back when harassed by boys

Response Options: 5-point scale from Agree to Disagree

Scoring Procedures

Scores are summed to create a scale total ranging from 0 to 84. Total scores are separated into tertiles: 0-28 indicating less gender equitable attitudes, 29-56 for moderately equitable attitudes, and 57-84 for more equitable attitudes.

Original Citation

Das, M., Ghosh, S., Verma, R., O'Connor, B., Fewer, S., Virata, M. C., & Miller, E. (2014). Gender attitudes and violence among urban adolescent boys in India. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 19(1), 99-112. DOI: 10.1080/02673843.2012.716762

Psychometric Score

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Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

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Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

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Construct

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