Intersectional Anticipated Discrimination Index (InDI-A)

The Intersectional Discrimination Index-Anticipated (InDI-A) is a 9-item measure that captures the degree to which one expects to experience discrimination in different settings and circumstances, such as in public, at work, when seeking healthcare, or in relationships.


Geographies Tested: Canada,United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male, Transgender

Age Range: Adults


These questions are about experiences related to who you are. This includes both how you describe yourself and how others might describe you. For example, your skin color, ancestry, nationality, religion, gender, sexuality, age, weight, disability or mental health issue, and income.

1. Because of who I am, a doctor or nurse, or other health care provider might treat me poorly.
2. Because of who I am, I might have trouble finding or keeping a job.
3. Because of who I am, I might have trouble getting an apartment or house.
4. I worry about being treated unfairly by a teacher, supervisor, or employer.
5. I may be denied a bank account, loan, or mortgage because of who I am.
6. I worry about being harassed or stopped by police or security.
7. Because of who I am, people might try to attack me physically.
8. I expect to be pointed at, called names, or harassed when in public.
9. I fear that I will have a hard time finding friendship or romance because of who I am.

Response Options:
Strongly disagree – 0
Disagree – 1
Neither agree nor disagree – 2
Agree – 3
Strongly agree – 4

Scoring Procedures

Items are averaged to create a scale. Higher scores indicate higher anticipated discrimination.

Original Citation

Scheim, A. I., & Bauer, G. R. (2019). The Intersectional Discrimination Index: Development and validation of measures of self-reported enacted and anticipated discrimination for intercategorical analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 226, 225-235.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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