The Gender-Roles Conflict Scale I is a 37-item self-reported measure of men's personal gender-role attitudes, behaviors, and conflicts. The items measure the following 4 domains: i) success, power, competition, ii) restrictive emotionality; iii) restrictive affectionate behavior between men and iv) conflicts between work and family relations.
1. Moving up the career ladder is important to me.
2. Making money is part of my idea of being a successful man.
3. I sometimes define my personal value by my career success.
4. I evaluate other people's value by their level of achievement and success.
5. I worry about failing and how it affects my doing well as a man.
6. Doing well all the time is important to me.
7. I often feel that I need to be in charge of those around me.
8. Competing with others is the best way to succeed.
9. Winning is a measure of my value and personal worth.
10. I strive to be more successful than others.
11. I am often concerned about how others evaluate my performance at work or school.
12. Being smarter or physically stronger than other men is important to me.
13. I like to feel superior to other people.
14. I have difficult telling others I care about them.
15. Strong emotions are difficult for me to understand.
16. Expressing feelings makes me feel open to attack by other people.
17. Talking (about my feelings) during sexual relations is difficult for me.
18. I have difficulty expressing my emotional needs to my partner.
19. I have difficulty expressing my tender feelings.
20. Telling others of my strong feelings is not part of my sexual behavior.
21. I often have trouble finding words that describe how I am feeling.
22. I do not like to show my emotions to other people.
23. Telling my partner my feelings about him/her during sex is difficult for me.
24. Verbally expressing my love to another man is difficult for me.
25. Affection with other men makes me tense.
26. Expressing my emotions to other men is risky.
27. Men who touch other men make me uncomfortable.
28. Hugging other men is difficult for me.
29. I am sometimes hesitant to show my affection to men because of how others might perceive me.
30. Being very personal with other men makes me feel uncomfortable.
31. Men who are overly friendly to me, make me wonder about their sexual preference (men or women).
32. I feel torn between my hectic work schedule and caring for my health.
33. My career, job, or school affects the quality of my leisure or family life.
34. Finding time to relax is difficult for me.
35. My needs to work or study keep me from my family or leisure more than I would like.
36. My work or school often disrupts other parts of my life (home, health, leisure).
37. Overwork, and stress, caused by a need to achieve on the job or in school, affects/hurts my life.
6-point Likert scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 6
Scores are summed; with higher scores assuming an expression of gender-role conflict and fear about femininity.
O’Neil, J. M., Helms, B. J., Gable, R. K., David, L., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1986). Gender-Role Conflict Scale: College men’s fear of femininity. Sex Roles, 14(5/6), 335-350. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287583
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing