Drive for Muscularity

The Drive for Muscularity scale is a 15-item questionnaire developed to measure attitudes and behaviors that reflect the degree of people’s preoccupation with increasing their muscularity. This scale was developed and used in an adolescent population.


ITEMS:

1. I wish that I were more muscular 2.\ I lift weights to build up muscle. 3. I use protein or energy supplements. 4. I drink weight-gain or protein shakes. 5. I try to consume as many calories as I can in a day. 6. I feel guilty if I miss a weight-training session. 7. I think I would feel more confident if I had more muscle mass. 8. Other people think I work out too with weights too often. 9. I think that I would look better if I gained 10 pounds in bulk. 10. I think about taking anabolic steroids. 11. I think that I would feel stronger if I gained a little more muscle mass. 12. I think that my weight-training schedule interferes with other aspects of my life. 13. I think that my arms are not muscular enough. 14. I think that my chest is not muscular enough. 15. I think that my legs are not muscular enough.

Response Options: 6-point scale from Never to Always

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Canada

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Items are averaged. Higher sores indicate a greater drive for muscularity.

PRIMARY CITATION:

McCreary, D. R., & Sasse, D. K. (2000). An exploration of the drive for muscularity in adolescent boys and girls. Journal of American College Health, 48(6), 297-304. https://doi.org/10.1080/07448480009596271

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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