Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4 2013-2016: Authoritarian/Democratic Values

The Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4 2013-2016: Authoritarian/Democratic Values uses 11 items on beliefs related to who should participate in political leadership, from the Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4, a global survey that aims to explore citizens’ attitudes toward democracy, governance and political reform. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here.


Geographies Tested: Cambodia,China,Indonesia,Japan,Korea, South,Malaysia,Mongolia,Myanmar (Burma),Philippines,Singapore,Taiwan,Thailand,Vietnam

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


I have here other statements. For each statement, would you say you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree?

1. Women should not be involved in politics as much as men.
2. The government should consult religious authorities when interpreting the laws.
3. People with little or no education should have as much say in politics as highly-educated people.
4. Government leaders are like the head of a family; we should all follow their decisions.
5. The government should decide whether certain ideas should be allowed to be discussed in society.
6. Harmony of the community will be disrupted if people organize lots of groups.
7. When judges decide important cases, they should accept the view of the executive branch.
8. If the government is constantly checked [i.e. monitored and supervised] by the legislature, it cannot possibly accomplish great things.
9. If we have political leaders who are morally upright, we can let them decide everything.
10. If people have too many different ways of thinking, society will be chaotic.
11. When the country is facing a difficult situation, it is ok for the government to disregard the law in order to deal with the situation.

Response Options:
Strongly agree - 1
Somewhat agree - 2
Somewhat disagree - 3
Strongly disagree - 4
Do not understand the question - 7
Can’t choose - 8
Decline to answer - 9

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Global Barometer Surveys. (2016). Asian Barometer Survey of Democracy, Governance and Development.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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