Women's Autonomy Scale

The Women's Autonomy Scale is a 7-item measure intended to capture autonomy of wives with migrant husbands across multiple dimensions of independence within the domains of mobility, production, consumption and health. The scale classifies respondents as having "low", "medium" and "high" autonomy.


Warning Flag

ITEMS:

Now I would like to ask you about things that you sometimes many want or need to do. About every one of these things tell me whether you would (1) need to ask your husband's or his family's permission to do them, (2) would just need to inform them, or (3) whether even informing them would not be necessary.

1. To visit your parents or other relatives who live outside of this community.
2. To visit a friend or neighbour who lives in this community.
3. To go to the city or a district capital to buy or sell something or to take care of some other business.
4. To spend money on family needs (such as food, school materials, clothes for children).
5. To spend money on your personal needs (such as capulanas [clothing fabric], clothes, shoes, or earrings for you).
6. To get a job or to engage in commerce.
7. To do an HIV test.

Response Options:
I need to ask my husband's or his family's permission - 0
I need to inform my husband or his family - 1
I would not need to inform my husband or his family - 2

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Mozambique

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

The total score is the rounded average of responses to the seven questions, each of which is measured from 0 (low autonomy—have to ask permission) to 1 (medium autonomy—have to inform) to 2 (high autonomy—do not even have to inform).

PRIMARY CITATION:

Yabiku, S. T., Agadjanian, V., & Sevoyan, A. (2010). Husbands' labour migration and wives' autonomy, Mozambique 2000-2006. Population Studies, 64(3), 293-306. https://doi.org/10.1080/00324728.2010.510200

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

LOW
Total Score: 1.50/8 Points (LOW) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

Measure came from a peer-reviewed journal with a low impact score and/or inadequate information on psychometrics, but is an under-represented gender equality and empowerment construct

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