The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire is a 16-item measure of empathy, that assesses an individual’s ability to understand and respond adaptively to others’ emotions, succeed in emotional communication, and promote pro-social behavior.
Geographies Tested: Canada
Populations Included: Female, Male
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
Never - 0
Rarely - 1
Sometimes - 2
Often - 3
Always - 4
Scores are summed to derive total for the Toronto Empathy Questionnaire.
Spreng*, R. N., McKinnon*, M. C., Mar, R. A., & Levine, B. (2009). The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire: Scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures. Journal of personality assessment, 91(1), 62-71.
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing