Bem Sex-Role Inventory

The Bem Sex-Inventory Index (BSRI) is a self-reported 60-item survey to characterize a person as masculine, feminine, or "androgynous" as a function of the difference between their endorsement of masculine and feminine personality characteristics. The measure was developed and tested in the United states of America with respondents asked how well each of the 60 items describe him/herself. The BSRI has been adapated and validated in a number of different contexts including Japan, Russia and in the United States among African American women and Latino adolescents.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


Masculine Items
1. Acts as a leader
2. Aggressive
3. Ambitious
4. Analytical
5. Assertive
6. Athletic
7. Competitive
8. Defends own beliefs
9. Dominant
10. Forceful
11. Has leadership abilities
12. Independent
13. Individualistic
14. Makes decisions easily
15. Masculine
16. Self-reliant
17. Self-sufficient
18. Strong personality
19. Willing to take a stand
20. Willing to take risks

Feminine Items
21. Affectionate
22. Cheerful
23. Childlike
24. Compassionate
25. Does not use harsh language
26. Eager to soothe hurt feelings
27. Feminine
28. Flatterable
29. Gentle
30. Gullible
31. Loves children
32. Loyal
33. Sensitive to the needs of others
34. Shy
35. Soft spoken
36. Sympathetic
37. Tender
38. Understanding
39. Warm
40. Yielding

Neutral Items
41. Adaptable
42. Conceited
43. Conscientious
44. Conventional
45. Friendly
46. Happy
47. Helpful
48. Inefficient
49. Jealous
50. Likable
51. Moody
52. Reliable
53. Secretive
54. Sincere
55. Solemn
56. Tactful
57. Theatrical
58. Truthful
59. Unpredictable
60. Unsystematic

Response Options:
7-point Likert scale
Never or almost never true – 1
Always or almost always true – 7

Scoring Procedures

Masculinity is calculated by the mean self-rating for all endorsed masculine items, and Femininity equals the mean self-rating for all endorsed feminine items. The scores range from 1 (never or almost never true) to 7 (always or almost always true), and the Masculinity and Femininity scores are independent of each other.

The Androgyny score is calculated using the t-ratio, the significant difference between a person's masculine and feminine self-endorsement. The closer the Androgyny score is to zero, the more the person is androgynous.

Original Citation

Bem, S. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42(2), 155-162.

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)


Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity