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Oslo Social Support Scale (OSSS-3)

The Oslo Social Support Scale (OSSS-3) is a 3-item self-reported measure of the level of social support. It consists of three items that ask for the number of close confidants, the sense of concern from other people, and the relationship with neighbors with a focus on the accessibility of practical help.

Categories

Geographies Tested: Germany

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults

Items:

1.How many people are so close to you that you can count on them if you have great personal problems?

Response Options:
‘none’
‘1–2’
‘3–5’
‘5+’

2.How much interest and concern do people show in what you do?

Response Options:
‘none’
‘little’
‘uncertain’
‘some’
‘a lot’

3.How easy is it to get practical help from neigh- bors if you should need it?

Response Options:
very difficult’
‘difficult’
‘possible’
‘easy’
‘very easy’

Scoring Procedures

The sum score ranges from 3 to 14, with high values representing strong levels and low values representing poor levels of social support. The OSSS-3 sum score can be operationalized into three broad categories of social support: a) 3–8 poor social support, b) 9–11 moderate social support, c) 12–14 strong social support.

Original Citation

Kocalevent, R. D., Berg, L., Beutel, M. E., Hinz, A., Zenger, M., Härter, M., ... & Brähler, E. (2018). Social support in the general population: standardization of the Oslo social support scale (OSSS-3). BMC psychology, 6(1), 31.

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

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