World Health Organization’s Violence Against Women (WHO VAW) study instrument

The World Health Organization’s Violence Against Women (WHO VAW) study instrument uses 13 items to assess the different forms of gender-based violence including psychological, physical, and sexual violence against women perpetrated by intimate partners.

High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

Psychological violence

  1. Has he insulted you or made you feel bad about yourself?
  2. Has he belittled or humiliated you in front of other people?
  3. Has he done things to scare or intimidate you on purpose?
  4. Has he threatened to hurt you or someone you care about?

Physical violence

  1. Has he slapped you or thrown something at you that could hurt you?
  2. Has he pushed or shoved you?
  3. Has he hit you with his fist or with something else that could hurt you?
  4. Has he kicked you, dragged you or beaten you up?
  5. Has he choked or burnt you on purpose?
  6. Has he threatened to use or actually used a gun, knife or other weapon against you?

Sexual violence

  1. Has he physically forced you to have sexual intercourse when you didn’t want to?
  2. Did you ever have sexual intercourse when you didn’t want because you were afraid of what he might do?
  3. Has he forced you to do something sexual that you found degrading or humiliating?

Response Options:
Yes
No

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Brazil

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Prevalence of each question and mean scores are calculated.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Schraiber, L. B., Latorre, M. D. R. D. O., França Jr, I., Segri, N. J., & d'Oliveira, A. F. P. L. (2010). Validity of the WHO VAW study instrument for estimating gender-based violence against women. Revista de saude publica, 44, 658-666. https://doi.org/10.1590/s0034-89102010000400009

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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