The Reproductive Empowerment Scale is a 20-item tool designed to measure the status of and changes in reproductive empowerment in sub-Saharan African countries. Items assess 5 constructs: reproductive healthcare provider communication, partner communication, decision-making, social support and social norms.
13.Who makes the final decision about whether or not you use contraception?
14.Who do you want to make the final decision about whether or not you use contraception?
Myself - 3
My partner - 2
My partner and myself jointly - 4
My parents - 1
My partner’s parents - 1
Another family member - 1
Healthcare provider - 1
Other (specify) - 1
Don’t know -1
Total scale and sub-scale scores are calculated by an average of item scores (each item ranges from 1-4 possible points). Item scores are summed and then divided by the number of items in the scale or sub-scale.
Mandal, M., & Albert, L. M. (2020). Reproductive Empowerment Scale: Psychometric Validation in Nigeria. MEASURE Evaluation, University of North Carolina. https://www.measureevaluation.org/resources/publications/tr-20-393
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
Ease of Use
Evidence-based Measures of Empowerment for Research on Gender Equality (EMERGE)
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