Differential Treatment of Daughters and Sons

Differential Treatment of Daughters and Sons is a 10-item measure of the extent to which participants, and their siblings of different sexes, have been limited by their parental figures during their upbringing.


ITEMS:

Participants rate the extent to which they and their cross-sex siblings (or relatives if they had no siblings) had similar or different limits placed on them by their parents while they were growing up.

1. How late you could stay out on school nights
2. How late you could stay out on weekends
3. Where you could go after school
4. Involvement in after-school activities
5. When you could start dating
6. With whom you were allowed to interact
7. Being alone with a member of the other sex
8. Getting a license and learning to drive
9. Getting a job
10. Having friends of the other sex

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Relativessiblings had more limits - 1
About the same - 3
I had more limits - 5

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

Scoring Procedures:

The mean of the item scores is calculated for the total measure score.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Raffaelli, M., & Ontai, L. L. (2004). Gender socialization in Latino/a families: Results from two retrospective studies. Sex Roles, 50(5/6), 287-299. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:SERS.0000018886.58945.06

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

HIGH

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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