Scale of Economic Abuse-12 (SEA-12)

The Scale of Economic Abuse-12 (SEA-12) is a 12-item measure of a victim’s experience of economic abuse. The items are separated into three subscales: behaviors that control a woman’s access to and use of resources (economic control), restrict a woman’s ability to work or attend school (employment sabotage), and economically exploit women. SEA-12 is a shortened version of the 28-item Scale of Economic Abuse.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adults


  1. Make you ask him for money
  2. Demand to know how money was spent
  3. Demand that you give him receipts andor change when you spend money
  4. Keep financial information from you
  5. Make important financial decisions without talking to you first
  6. Threaten you to make you leave work
  7. Demand that you quit your job
  8. Beat you up if you said you needed to go to work
  9. Do things to keep you from going to your job
  10. Spend the money you need for rent or other bills
  11. Pay bills late or not pay bills that were in your name or both of your names
  12. Build up debt under your name by doing things like use your credit card or run up the phone bill

    Response Options:
    Never - 1
    Hardly never - 2
    Sometimes - 3
    Often - 4
    Quite often - 5

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

Postmus, J. L., Plummer, S. B., & Stylianou, A. M. (2016). Measuring economic abuse in the lives of survivors: Revising the Scale of Economic Abuse. Violence against women, 22(6), 692-703.

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Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








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