Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA) Guide

The Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA) Guide is a 20 item measure to assess risk of spousal violence perpetration among males, to be administered by external evaluators.

ITEMS:

General violence risk factors

  1. Past assault of family members
  2. Past assault of strangers or acquaintances
  3. Past violation of conditional release or community supervision
  4. Recent relationship problems
  5. Recent employment problems
  6. Victim of and/or witness to family violence as a child or adolescent
  7. Recent substance abuse/dependence
  8. Recent suicidal or homicidal ideation/intent
  9. Recent psychotic and/or manic symptoms
  10. Personality disorder with anger impulsivity, or behavioral instability

Spousal violence risk factor

  1. Past physical assault
  2. Past sexual assault/sexual jealousy
  3. Past use of weapons and/or credible threats of death
  4. Recent escalation in frequency or severity of assault
  5. Past violation of “no contact” orders
  6. Extreme minimization or denial of spousal assault history
  7. Attitudes that support or condone spousal assault
  8. Severe and/or sexual assault (most recent incident)
  9. Use of weapons and/or credible threats of death (most recent incident)
  10. Violation of “no contact” order (most recent incident)

Response Options:
Coded presence of 20 risk factors on a 3-point scale:
Absent - 0
Possibly or Partially Present - 1 Present - 2

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Canada

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Total score is calculated by adding the individual item ratings, scores ranging from 0 to 40.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Kropp, P. R., & Hart, S. D. (2000). The Spousal Assault Risk Assessment (SARA) guide: Reliability and validity in adult male offenders. Law and human behavior, 24(1), 101-118. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005430904495

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.50/10 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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