Community-Level Restrictive Gender Norms is a 14-item measure of descriptive norms (what the respondent thinks others do) and injunctive norms (what the respondent believes others think that s/he should do) related to gender for young adolescents. Items cover five domains: education, time use, financial inclusion and economic empowerment, relationships and marriage, and sexual and reproductive health.
Geographies Tested: Bangladesh,Ethiopia
Populations Included: Female, Male
Age Range: Adolescents
*Items are reverse scored
AgreePartially Agree - 1
DisagreePartially Disagree - 2
The final measure score is created by summing the values of the 14 norms questions, with larger values reflecting highly gender-inequitable norms.
Baird, S., Bhutta, Z. A., Hamad, B. A., Hicks, J. H., Jones, N., & Muz, J. (2019). Do restrictive gender attitudes and norms influence physical and mental health during very young Adolescence? Evidence from Bangladesh and Ethiopia. SSM Popul Health, 9, 100480. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2019.100480
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing