Environment-Related Livelihoods- Mining/Oil Pumping

Environment-Related Aquaculture- Use of Wild Forests includes 6 items related to the respondents' engagement with mining and oil pumping. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire which can be found here.


Geographies Tested:

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range:


1. In the past 12 months, did you mine or extract materials such as [oil, gold, copper, stones, coal...]?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

2. Was mining or extracting materials such as [oil, gold, copper, stones, coal...] MAINLY performed…?

Response Options:
For own useconsumption of the household- 1
For sale profit- 2
Wage work- 3

3. In the past 12 months, did you individually make any incomemonetary gains from these activities?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

4. What is the approximate share of your individual income that came from …? (include income from selling, trading and handling these materials)

Insert percentage [ ]

5. Have you followed any of the following practices in tandem with your miningoil pumping activities?

  • Sold or donated waste rocks to construction sites or other sites for re-use
  • Sold or moved tailings to construction sites for re-use
  • Used biosolids to replenish depleted topsoil
    Recycled water used during extraction (for further extraction)
  • Treated refuse water to neutralize bacterial contaminants
  • Discarded refuse to water streams, aquifers or oceans
  • Buried refuse on nearby land
  • Stripped topsoil to expand mining site

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

6. Have you experienced any of the following issues in the last 12 months?

  • Respiratory disease
  • Skin disease
  • Liver problems, such as cancer
  • Esophagus problems, such as cancer
  • Increased incidence of disease among my livestock
  • Insect and crustacean plagues affected my livelihood (harvest, catch, etc.)

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

UN Women (2020). Model questionnaire: Measuring the nexus between gender and environment.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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