Environment-Related Livelihoods- Garbage Picking/Sorting/Recycling

Environment-Related Livelihoods- Garbage Picking/Sorting/Recycling includes 11 items that examined whether respondents picked, sorted, or recycled any garbage, for their own consumption or for profit. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire which can be found here.


Geographies Tested:

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range:


1. In the past 12 months, did you pick, sort or recycle any garbage, refuse or leftover besides garbage produced by your own household?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

2. Was picking, sorting or recycling of garbage, refuse or leftover MAINLY performed…?

Response Options:
For own useconsumption of the household- 1
For sale profit- 2
Wage work- 3

3. In the past 12 months, did you individually make any incomemonetary gains from these activities?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

4. What is the approximate share of your individual income that came from garbage? (include income from selling, trading and handling these materials)

Insert percentage [ ]

5. Did anyone else in your household receive remuneration (monetary or in-kind) for these activities you performed?

Response Options:
No- 1
Yes, my husbandwifepartner- 2
Yes, someone else- 3

6. For equal amounts and types of refuse, do you receive the same amount of remunerationwage as everyone else in the recycling facility or selling point you use?

Response Options:
Yes, remuneration is identical regardless of the characteristics of the seller- 1
No, men receive higher remuneration- 2
No, women receive higher remuneration- 3
No, experienced garbage pickers (long-term clients) receive higher remuneration- 4
No, someone else receives higher remuneration- 5
Don't know- 96

7. What are the main materials you collect sortrecycle most often?

Response Options:
Cardboard, plastic or other low-value materials- 1
Scrap metal, aluminum or other high value materials- 2
Both low and high value- 3
Don't know- 96

8. Do you use any equipment to perform this activity?

Mostly sacks, bags, baskets
Carts or bicycles
Small motorized vehicles
Protective gear

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

9. Do you mostly perform this activity alone or with someone else?

Response Options:
Alone- 1
With my husbandwifepartner- 2
With another family member- 3
With someone else- 4

10. Have you ever been in a situation when you felt unsafe picking, sorting, or recycling garbage (including at recycling and selling points)?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
Don't know- 96

11. As a result of garbage pickingsorting recycling, have you experienced any of the following?

Skin or other external disease
Digestive or other internal disease

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

UN Women (2020). Model questionnaire: Measuring the nexus between gender and environment.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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