Environment-Related Livelihoods- Garbage Picking/Sorting/Recycling

Environment-Related Livelihoods- Garbage Picking/Sorting/Recycling includes 11 items that examined whether respondents picked, sorted, or recycled any garbage, for their own consumption or for profit. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire which can be found here.


1. In the past 12 months, did you pick, sort or recycle any garbage, refuse or leftover besides garbage produced by your own household?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

2. Was picking, sorting or recycling of garbage, refuse or leftover MAINLY performed…?

Response Options:
For own useconsumption of the household- 1
For sale profit- 2
Wage work- 3

3. In the past 12 months, did you individually make any incomemonetary gains from these activities?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

4. What is the approximate share of your individual income that came from garbage? (include income from selling, trading and handling these materials)

Insert percentage [ ]

5. Did anyone else in your household receive remuneration (monetary or in-kind) for these activities you performed?

Response Options:
No- 1
Yes, my husbandwifepartner- 2
Yes, someone else- 3

6. For equal amounts and types of refuse, do you receive the same amount of remunerationwage as everyone else in the recycling facility or selling point you use?

Response Options:
Yes, remuneration is identical regardless of the characteristics of the seller- 1
No, men receive higher remuneration- 2
No, women receive higher remuneration- 3
No, experienced garbage pickers (long-term clients) receive higher remuneration- 4
No, someone else receives higher remuneration- 5
Don't know- 96

7. What are the main materials you collect sortrecycle most often?

Response Options:
Cardboard, plastic or other low-value materials- 1
Scrap metal, aluminum or other high value materials- 2
Both low and high value- 3
Don't know- 96

8. Do you use any equipment to perform this activity?

Mostly sacks, bags, baskets
Carts or bicycles
Small motorized vehicles
Protective gear

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

9. Do you mostly perform this activity alone or with someone else?

Response Options:
Alone- 1
With my husbandwifepartner- 2
With another family member- 3
With someone else- 4

10. Have you ever been in a situation when you felt unsafe picking, sorting, or recycling garbage (including at recycling and selling points)?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
Don't know- 96

11. As a result of garbage pickingsorting recycling, have you experienced any of the following?

Skin or other external disease
Digestive or other internal disease

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2





Scoring Procedures:

Not Available


UN Women (2020). Model questionnaire: Measuring the nexus between gender and environment. https://data.unwomen.org/publications/model-questionnaire-measuring-nexus-between-gender-and-environment

Psychometric Score:


 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








 Criterion (gold-standard)


Psychometric Scoring

Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency




For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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