Disaster and hazard exposure, preparedness and consequences

Disaster and hazard exposure, preparedness and consequences includes 7 items related to experience of extreme weather events, natural hazards, or other disaster situations in the past 12 months, and how the respondent reacted at the time. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire which can be found here.


ITEMS:

I would now like to understand if you have experienced extreme weather events, natural hazards, or other disaster situations in the past 12 months, and how you reacted at the time. For each event you have experienced, I will ask a series of questions. First, let's begin by understanding if you can remember being in a place (city, village, municipality, field) where you witnessed the following events:

  • Drought
  • Flood (including coastal, riverine, flash flood, fluvial, ground water flood, snowmelt flood, surface water flooding, etc.)
  • Storm surge, storm tides
  • CycloneHurricaneTyphoonDepression (low pressure area)
  • Tornado
  • Extreme wind episode (e.g. derecho, strong gale, squall, etc.)
  • Hailstorm, Ice storm, freezing rain, blizzard, severe glaze
  • Severe thunderstorm, downburst, lightning
  • Acid rain
  • River coast erosion event
  • Landslide
  • Mud flow, rock slide
  • Earthquake, surface rupture or other sesimogenic event
  • Sinkhole, liquefaction and other shallow geohazard
  • Salinitysea water intrusion episode
  • Avalanche (snow, debris)
  • Sea ice, seiche
  • Extreme cold event (e.g. cold wave, dzud, etc)
  • Extreme heat event (e.g. heat wave)
  • Infrastructure failure (damn failure, supply systems failure, water supply failure, etc.)
  • Radiation event (radioactive waste, radiation agents, nuclear agents)
  • Wildfire
  • Volcanic activity events (e.g. ash fall, lava flow, ballistics, debris flow, etc)
  • Tsunami or other wave action
  • Extra-terrestrial event (e.g. geomagnetic storm, meteor impact, solar storm, space hazard, etc.)
  • PandemicHealth emergencyother biological event (e.g. biological agents, anthrax, airborne disease, water-borne disease, etc.)
  • Animal infectious disease (mass) (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasitic, shrimp disease, oyster disease, etc.)
  • Insect infestation event (locust, invasive weeds, etc.)
  • Mass animal mortalitydisease event (birds, marine and land animals, including bucellosis, swine fever, foot and mouth disease, etc.)
  • Toxic dumpoil spillmass pollution event (including gases, heavy metals, oil, benzene, chemical agents, asbestos, fluoride, methanol, microplastics, chlorine, hazardous waste, etc.)
  • Contaminated foodanimal feed
  • Persistent organic pollutants contamination episode (e.g. pesticide contamination event, insecticide contamination event, etc.)
  • Dust storm, haze event, polluted air, smoke, brown clouds and other lithometeors
  • Aquaculture release event (marine toxins, algal bloom)
  • Biological event (e.g. biological agents, anthrax, airborne disease)
  • Conflict-related environmental degradation
  • Other types of disaster (specify)
  • Specify other(s)

For each disaster event experienced, ask questions 2 to 7. Record responses for 2 to 7 as many times as disaster events experienced.

2. Did you receive any advance notice or warning (e.g. were you able to access and understand early warning information)?

3. Was the early warning information useful?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

4. What was your MAIN source of early warning information?

Response Options:
Radio- 1
Television- 2
SpeakerPSA- 3
Community- 4
Internetsocial mediaemail- 5
Phone (text or call)- 6
Public board- 7
Siren- 8
App- 9
Other- 10

5. Did you personally take any of the following precautionary measures? (refers to measures taken by the respondent and not other household members)

a. Preserve drinking water
b. Preserve dry food
c. Preserve valuable items [e.g. appliances, jewelry, clothes, utensils, etc.]
d. Preserve medicinemedical supplies

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

e. Preserve seeds planting material

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have planting space- 3

f. Harvest or store crops

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have crops- 3

g. Move livestock to safe place

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have livestock- 3

h. Coverprotect crops

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have a garden- 3

i. Build barrier

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

j. Take refuge in designated shelter

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
No shelter was designated- 3

k. Isolate indoors

l. Flee to different geographical area (temporary)

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

m. Send children to a safe place

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have children- 3

n. Reinforce building materials of household

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

o. Reinforce building materials of animal shelter

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have an animal shelter - 3

6. As a result of this event, did you (personally) experience any of the following consequences?

a. Injury
b. Illness
c. Death of a household member
d. Injuryillness of a household member
e. Household member is missing
f. Dwelling is damaged
g. Dwelling is destroyed

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

h. Personal income decreased (question refers to individual, not overall household income)

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I have no personal income- 3

i. Crops that I grow were damaged or destroyed

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't grow crops- 3

j. Livestock that I raise was lost or contracted serious illness

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't rise livestock- 3

k. Productive assets I personally own or use (land, industrial assets, machinery, productive services, etc.) were damaged or destroyed

l. Children's school was cancelled or reduced
m. Migrated to different geographical area
n. Obtained or applied for refugee status
o. Experienced another form of forced displacement (including pre-emptive evacuation)
p. Drinking water source was damagedcompromised
q. Water shortages affected my household's water use

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

r. Time spent on water collection increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't collect water- 3

s. Time spent on child care increased (including physical care, teaching, playing)
t. Time spent caring for adult family members increased (including administrative support, physical care, psychological support)
u. Time spent on any domestic work activities increased (services provided for the household, including cleaning, cooking, shopping for the household, repairs, décor, pet care)
v. Had to switch to unclean cookingheatinglighting fuel for more than two weeks (e.g. any fuel apart from electricity, LPG, natural gas and biogas)

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

w. Time spent on fuel and firewood collection increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't collect fuelfirewood- 3

x. Lost job
y. Had to switch to unimproved form of sanitation (Pit latrine without slab, bucket, hanging toilet or bushfield)
z. Had to start sharing sanitation facilities with other households
z.a. Found difficulties accessing hygiene products
z.b. Experienced longer wait times to visit doctorsseek medical care

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

z.c. Was unable to seek necessary medical care
z.d. Was unable to seek necessary medical care for family

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2 I did not need medical care- 3

z.e. Mental health was affected (experienced stress, anxiety)
z.f. Crime increased in the area where I live or work
z.g. Someone I know has been a victim of violence

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

z.h. Own vehicle was damaged

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't have a vehicle- 3

z.i. Lost access tocould not use public transportation

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

7. Were you involved in any committees or groups where you felt you could influence responses to rebuild after these events? (e.g. disaster response teams, camp management bodies, disaster-related policy making committees, etc.)

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:


POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

UN Women (2020). Model questionnaire: Measuring the nexus between gender and environment. https://data.unwomen.org/publications/model-questionnaire-measuring-nexus-between-gender-and-environment

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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