Exposure to, and preparedness for, climate change related effects

Exposure to, and preparedness for, climate change related effects includes 5 items related to personal experience of personal experience of slow onset climate events. Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire which can be found here.


Short Measure

ITEMS:

The following questions refer to your own personal experience of slow onset climate events. These events differ from the events we mentioned in the previous module as they typically take place over longer periods of time. In particular, I would like to understand if you have ever observed some of the following phenomena in the environment around you. For each phenomenon you have experienced, I will ask a series of questions. First, let's begin by understanding if you can remember living or working near a place (city, village, beach, field, etc.) where the following phenomena were apparent:

  • Increased temperature (sustained) (e.g. Temperatures are higher than they used to be years ago)
  • Drop in temperature (sustained) (e.g. Temperatures are lower than they used to be years ago)
  • Recurrent heat waves
  • Recurrent extreme cold events
  • Increased overall precipitation
  • Decreased overall precipitation
  • Desertification
  • Endemic insect borne disease (e.g. Malaria, Dengue, Zika, etc.)
  • Recurrent wildfires
  • Water scarcity (reduced availability over extended periods)
  • Rivercoast erosionsand encroachment and other permanent shallow geohazards
  • Increased frequency of animal death episodes (birds, land animals)
  • Increased frequency of animal death episodes (fish, seafood, freshwater animals, marine animals)
  • Loss of land and air biodiversity Depletion of species (land animals, birds, plants, trees, insects, mushrooms, seeds)
  • Loss of water biodiversity Depletion of species (fish, seafood, seaweed, coral bleaching, etc.)
  • Increasedfrequentchronic air pollution, haze, smoke
  • Increased ocean temperature
  • Sea level rise
  • Permanentfrequent flood (coastal, estuarine, groundwater flood, snowmelt flood, etc.)
  • Thawing of ice (glaciers, permafrost, other)
  • Increasing spread of pathogens (virus, bacteria)
  • Increase spread of parasites (human and animal)
  • Recurrent or chronic water pollution, including plastics (fresh water, marine, tap water, farming water)
  • Fresh water depletion
  • Eutrophication (higher than usual concentrations of nutrientsphytoplankton in fresh water)
  • Salinization of freshwater (aquifers, wells, etc.), sea water intrusion
  • Ocean acidification
  • Land degradation (eroded, polluted, salinized, less productive land or soil)
  • Sand mining
  • Deforestation, forest disturbances
  • Forest invasive species
  • Loss of mangroves
  • Ocean invasive species
  • Wetland lossdegradation
  • Permafrost loss
  • Runoff (non-point source pollution)
  • Recurrent insect pest infestation (e.g. locust, invasive weeds, invasive species)
  • Recurrent plant disease (bacterial, fungal, mycoplasma, etc.)
  • Recurrent animal or human disease (airborne, water borne, blood borne, etc.)
  • Specify other(s)

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

For each climate change related event experienced, ask questions 1 to 4. Record responses for 1 to 4 as many times as climate change related events experienced.

1. Where did you experience this phenomenon?

Response Options:
In the area where I live- 1
In the area where I work- 2

2. Did you receive any information about this effect of climate change and its potential impact on you?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

3. What was the main source of this information?
Radio- 1
Television- 2
Internet- 3
Communityfriends- 4
Local administration- 5
CSOs- 6
Children's school- 7
App- 8
Other- 96

4. As a result of this phenomenon, did you personally experience any of the following?

a. Searched for additional sources of income (e.g. a side-job, ask for a loan, etc.)
b. Had to preserve food due to limited availability
c. Had to personally eat less due to lack of foodincome

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

d. Preserved seeds, planting material

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't use seeds- 3

e. Applied pesticides in higher quantities

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't use e land, aquaculture or any other items that may require pesticides- 3

f. Applied antibiotics in higher quantities

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't use e land, aquaculture or any other items that may require pesticides- 3

g. Moved livestock to a different place

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't rise livestock- 3

h. Agricultural yield decreased
i. Agricultural yield increased
j. Had to find a new plot for agricultural practices
k. Switched to different crops

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't practice agriculture- 3

l. Fished in a different location

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't practice fish- 3

m. Hunted in a different location

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't practice hunt- 3

n. Gathered plantsmushroomsforest products in a different location

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't practice gather plants mushroomsforest products- 3

o. Changed jobs

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

p. I lost my job

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I wasn't employed before- 3

q. My mental health was affected (stress, anxiety)
r. Own physical health was affected
s. Repairedmade changes to my house
t. Moved to a different house in the same area

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

u. Spent more time performing domestic chores such as such as cleaning, cooking, food processing, animalpet care, etc.

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't do domestic work- 3

v. Time I spent caring for family members (e.g. children, elders, sick, disabled) increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't do care work- 3

w. Time I spent fetching water increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't fetch water- 3

x. Time I spent on firewoodfuel collection increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't fetch fuel- 3

y. Time I spent on garbage managementrecyclingpicking increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't collectsort garbage- 3

z. Time I spent fishing increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't fish- 3

z.a Time I spent on aquaculture increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't practice aquaculture- 3

z.b. Time spent taking care of livestock increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't own livestock- 3

z.c. Time spent processing food increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't process food- 3

z.d Time spent mining and oil pumping increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't minepump- 3

z.e. Time I spent collecting plants increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't collect plants- 3

z.f. Time spent hunting increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't hunt- 3

z.g. Time spent farming increased

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2
I don't farm- 3

z.h. Crime in my area has increased
z.i. I have heard people are experiencing more violence

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

5. Were you involved in any committees or institutions where you felt you could influence responses to resolve or mitigate these effects?

Response Options:
Yes- 1
No- 2

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:


POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

UN Women (2020). Model questionnaire: Measuring the nexus between gender and environment. https://data.unwomen.org/publications/model-questionnaire-measuring-nexus-between-gender-and-environment

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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