Revised Scale of Economic Abuse (SEA2)

The Revised Scale of Economic Abuse (SEA2) is a 14-item measure of economic abuse experienced by women and perpetrated by their partners. SEA2 covers two sub-constructs: economic restriction, and economic exploitation. It is the updated version of the Scale of Economic Abuse (SEA).


ITEMS:

Using the 0–4 scale below, during your relationship, how often did your partner do the following:

1. Keep you from having the money you needed to buy food, clothes, or other necessities
2. Keep financial information from you
3. Decide how you could spend money rather than letting you spend it how you saw fit
4. Make you ask him/her for money
5. Hide money so that you could not find it
6. Demand that you give him/her receipts or change when you spent money
7. Keep you from having a job or going to work
8. Make you use your money to buy him/her things or pay his/her bills when you didn’t want to
9. Spend his/her money however he/she wanted while your money went to pay for necessities
10. Take out a loan or buy something on credit in your name without your permission
11. Make you take out a loan or buy something on credit when you didn’t want to
12. Put bills in your name, leaving you to pay them
13. Force or pressure you to give him/her your savings or other assets
14. Steal your property

Response Options:
Never - 0
Hardly ever - 1
Sometimes - 2
Often - 3
Very often - 4

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Available

PRIMARY CITATION:

Adams, A. E., Greeson, M. R., Littwin, A. K., & Javorka, M. (2020). The Revised Scale of Economic Abuse (SEA2): Development and initial psychometric testing of an updated measure of economic abuse in intimate relationships. Psychology of Violence, 10(3), 268-278. https://doi.org/10.1037/vio0000244

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.50/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

LOW

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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