Childbearing Motivations Scale

The Childbearing Motivations Scale is a self-reported 47-item measure to assess positive and negative childbearing motivations and their respective subdimensions. The scale has two subscales; a positive childbearing motivations subscale with 26 items and a negative childbearing motivations subscale with 21 items.


Geographies Tested: Portugal

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


Positive Childbearing Motivations Subscale
1. Strengthening the bond with my partner.
2. Continuing my family name.
3. Listening to the demands of my biological clock.
4. Giving a meaning to my life.
5. Feeling the familial spirit.
6. Fulfilling a moral obligation.
7. Being connected to a child through blood ties.
8. Being socially valued.
9. Conveying my family heritage.
10. Showing that I am responsible.
11. Meeting my family's expectations.
12. Taking a step forward in the relationship with my partner.
13. Having a source of economic support.
14. Creating a person, a personality.
15. Making real a project that I share with my partner.
16. Realizing my maternal or paternal instinct.
17. Fulfilling my woman's or man's role.
18. Creating my own family.
19. Enjoying the experience of pregnancy.
20. Affirming me as an adult.
21. Ensuring my familial lineage.
22. Making real a project of my partner.
23. Ensuring that my partner and I are recognized as a family.
24. Conveying my family's values.
25. Feeling useful and important for a child.
26. Continuing family relationships.

Negative Childbearing Motivations Subscale
27. Facing the labor of childcare.
28. Having no required qualities (e.g., patience, …) to become a mother or a father.
29. Being afraid of suffering (being afraid that my partner will suffer) complications during birth.
30. Fearing that a child might lead us to separate as a couple.
31. Facing financial sacrifices.
32. Worrying about the future of a child in the current world.
33. Assuming increased expenses with a child.
34. Feeling unprepared to assume the mother's or father's role.
35. Dealing with the constant needs of a child.
36. Fearing that my child loses himself/herself in deviant trajectories (e.g., drug dependence, delinquency, …).
37. Being afraid of suffering (being afraid that my partner will suffer) negative changes in my (her) body.
38. Changing our routines as a couple.
39. Being afraid of exposing a child to the social dangers of the world.
40. Losing autonomy as a couple.
41. Having constant worries with a child.
42. Being afraid of suffering (being afraid that my partner will suffer) the physical discomforts (e.g., nausea,…) of pregnancy.
43. Abdicating my financial well-being.
44. Assuming a lifelong responsibility for a child.
45. Being afraid of exposing a child to environmental degradation.
46. Being afraid of facing financial difficulties.
47. Losing proximity with my partner.

Response Options:
Not at all - 1
A little - 2
Moderately - 3
A lot - 4
Completely - 5

Scoring Procedures

Not Available

Original Citation

Guedes, M., Pereira, M., Pires, R., Carvalho, P., & Canavarro, M. C. (2013). Childbearing Motivations Scale: Construction of a new measure and its preliminary psychometric properties. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 24(1), 180-194.

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Qualitative Research

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Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








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