Adult Coercive Sexual Environments Scale

The Adult Coercive Sexual Environments (CSE) Scale is a 7-item measure with separate subscales focused on individual perceptions of sexual coercion in the neighborhood and individual experiences of sexual victimization. Different aspects of coercive sexual environments captured by the scale includes neighborhood sexual assault, verbal sexual harassment, and physical violence.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adults


CSE Perception

How much of a problem in your neighborhood is:
1.rape or other sexual attacks?
2.are women or girls trading sex for money?
3.are men or boys making unwanted sexual comments or gestures toward girls or women?
4.are men or boys hurting women or girls?

Response Options:
Big problem - 2
Some problem - 1
No problem - 0

CSE Victimization

How often in the past year:
5.did someone make unwanted sexual comments, jokes or gestures toward you?
6.did someone touch, grab, or pinch you in a sexual way that you did not want?
7.were you afraid to go places because you were worried about being touched, harassed, or hurt in these ways?

Response Options:
Happened every day
Happened once or twice a week
Happened a couple of times each month
Happened a couple of times in the past year
Never happened

Scoring Procedures

CSE perception: Scores from all subscale items (i.e., 1-4) are summed to create a scale total that ranges from 0 to 8, with higher scores indicating a more coercive sexual environment (neighborhood) as perceived by the respondent.

Scoring of the CSE victimization subscale (items 5-7) was not specified.

Original Citation

Popkin, S., Hailey, C., Zweig, J., Astone, N., Jordan, R., Gordon, L., & Silverman, J. (2019). Coercive sexual environments: Development and validation of a scale. Journal of interpersonal violence, 34(1), 27-49. doi:10.1177/0886260516639581

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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