Attitudes Towards Survivors of Sexual Violence

The Attitudes Towards Female Survivors of Sexual Violence Scale is a 16-item measure of the dimensions and correlates of attitudes toward survivors of sexual violence. The scale measures attitudes along the four dimensions of victim responsibility, victim denigration, victim credibility, and deservingness. The scale is derived from the Attitudes toward Rape Victim Scale (ARVS).


ITEMS:

Victim responsibility
1. Women who dress in short skirts are more likely to be raped.
2. Women who wear suggestive outfits are more likely to be raped.
3. Beautiful women are more likely to be raped.
4. It is up to the woman to protect herself from rape.

Shame/denigration
5. Survivors of sexual violence should be ashamed of themselves.
6. A man whose wife has been raped should be ashamed of himself.
7. It will be very difficult for a young woman who has been raped to find a husband.
8. A raped woman is no longer desirable.
9. Female victims of sexual violence are promiscuous.

Victim credibility
10. Often, women lie that they were raped just to force the man into making reparation.
11. Women often lie that they have been raped when they realize that they are pregnant.

Deservingness
12. Most times, when a woman is raped, it is because she deserves it.
13. Any woman can become a victim of rape.*
14. In general, a raped woman is an innocent victim.*
15. The rape of a family member is sign that the men in the family have failed to protect their own.
16. Most women desire to be raped.

Response Options:
Disagree - 0
Neutral - 1
Agree - 3

*Items are reverse scored

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Democratic Republic of the Congo

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Items area summed to create a total scale score ranging from 0 to 32. Higher scores denote less-favorable attitudes toward survivors.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Babalola, S. O. (2014). Dimensions and correlates of negative attitudes toward female survivors of sexual violence in Eastern DRC. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29(9), 1679-1697. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260513511531

Psychometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

MEDIUM
Total Score: 4.00/8 Points (MEDIUM) 

Citation Frequency

MEDIUM

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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