MENU

Violence Against Children Survey 2011 - Zimbabwe: Substance Use

The Violence Against Children Survey Substance Use measure includes 7 items from the National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents (NBLSEA, 2011). The items ask questions on experiences with substance use, including drugs, alcohol and cigarette smoking. Violence Against Children Surveys are nationally representative household surveys of children and young adults aged 13 to 24 years. They are designed to measure the prevalence and circumstances surrounding emotional, physical, and sexual violence against males and females in childhood (before age 18). Navigational aspects (i.e., skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included, but can be viewed in the original questionnaire available here

Categories

Geographies Tested: Zimbabwe

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults, Children

Items:

1. Have you ever used drugs such as marijuana, pills, ecstasy or huffedsniffed any chemical such as petrol or glue?

2. Have you ever used illegal drugs by injecting them with a needle?

3. In the last 12 months, have you ever used drugs by injecting them with a needle?

4. The next set of questions asks about alcohol. Alcohol includes things like beer, wine, opaque beer, kachasu, marula (umganu) whisky, gin, vodka, etc. Have you ever had a drink of alcohol other than a few sips?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

5. In the past 30 days, on how many days did you drink alcohol to the point that you become drunk?

Response Options:
Number of days: ______
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

6. Have you ever smoked cigarettes?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

7. During the past 30 days, have you smoked: no cigarettes, smoked cigarettes occasionally, or smoked cigarettes daily?

Response Options:
Not smoked - 1
Smoked occasionally - 2
Smoked daily - 3
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and Collaborating Center for Operational Research and Evaluation (CCORE). (2013). National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents, 2011. http://www.togetherforgirls.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/UNICEF_NBSLEA-Report-Zimbabwe-23-10-13.pdf

Psychometric Score

Citation Frequency

Ease of Use Score

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

Reliability

Internal

Test-retest

Interrater

Validity

Content

Face

Criterion (gold-standard)

Construct

Ease of Use

Readability

Scoring Clarity

Length

KEY