The Violence Against Children Survey Sexual Activities and Practices measure includes 6 items from the National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents (NBSLEA, 2011). The items ask participants about their sexual activity, including the age at which they had sex for the first time, and whether this first episode of sexual intercourse was by choice or against their will. Violence Against Children Surveys are nationally representative household surveys of children aged 13 to 24. The questions are designed to measure the prevalence and circumstances surrounding emotional, physical, and sexual violence against males and females in childhood (before age 18). Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here
Interviewer: The next set of questions is about your sexual activity and practices. Though sex is very private, we hope that you will share some information with us so we can better understand the needs and concerns of young adults like yourself. Some of these questions are personal but keep in mind that your name is not on the survey and no one else will know your answers. Please feel free to answer openly and honestly. There are no right or wrong answers, and remember that you can skip any question you don’t feel comfortable answering.
For the next few questions, “sex” or “sexual intercourse” refers to anytime a man’s penis enters a woman’s vagina or anus, however slight. [M: Sex also refers to anytime a man’s penis enters your anus, however slight.]
1. Have you ever had sexual intercourse either by your choice or against your will?
Response Options: Yes - 1 No - 2 Don’t know - 88 Declined to answer - 98
Interviewer: The next few questions ask you to think about the first time you had sexual intercourse either by your choice or against your will.
2. How old were you when you had sex for the first time?
Response Options: Years old: _____________ Don’t know - 88 Declined to answer - 98
3. This first time you had sex, was this something you wanted to do or were you pressured, lured, tricked, physically forced, or threatened in any way?
Response Options: Wanted to have sex - 1 Pressured, lured, tricked, physically forced, or threatened - 2 Don’t know - 88 Declined to answer - 98
4. This first time, how were you forced? Were you pressured, lured, tricked, threatened or physically forced?
Response Options: Pressured - 1 Lured/tricked - 2 Threatened - 3 Physically forced - 4 Other (Specify) _________ - 96 Don’t know - 88 Declined to answer - 98
5. This first time, was the person older than you, younger than you, or about the same age?
Response Options: Older - 1 Younger - 2 About the same age - 3 Don’t know - 88 Declined to answer - 98
6. This first time, would you say this person was 10 or more years older than you or less than 10 years older than you?
Response Options: 10 or more years older - 1 Less than 10 years older - 2 Don’t know - 88 Declined to answer - 98
Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and Collaborating Center for Operational Research and Evaluation (CCORE). (2013). National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents, 2011. http://www.togetherforgirls.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/UNICEF_NBSLEA-Report-Zimbabwe-23-10-13.pdf
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Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing