Violence Against Children Survey 2011 - Zimbabwe: Sex for Money or Goods

The Violence Against Children Survey Sex for Money or Goods measure includes 8 items from the National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents (NBSLEA, 2011). The items ask respondents whether they were ever given money or other goods in exchange for sex, age at first such exchange, and how they met the people who paid them for sex. Violence Against Children Surveys are nationally representative household surveys of children aged 13 to 24. The questions are designed to measure the prevalence and circumstances surrounding emotional, physical, and sexual violence against males and females in childhood (before age 18). Navigational aspects (i.e. skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included on this page but can be viewed on the original questionnaire located here

ITEMS:

Interviewer: Life can be hard for kids and adults, and sometimes they do things they might not otherwise do. I’d like to ask you about some experiences you may have had with sex.

1. Has anyone ever given you money to have sex with them?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

2. How old were you when you first exchanged money for sex?

Response Options:
Age in Years ____
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

3. In the last 12 months, how many sexual partners gave you money to have sex with them?

Response Options:
Number of Partners ______
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

4. In the last 12 months, how often did you use condoms with people who gave you money to have sex with them? Would you say never, sometimes, almost every time or every time?

Response Options:
Never - 1
Sometimes - 2
Almost every time - 3
Every time - 4
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

5. How did you meet people who pay you for sex? Did you meet them through: (Read categories below):

  • Pimps
  • Friends
  • Disco/Bars/Clubs
  • Main Roads
  • Truck Stops
  • Tourist Spots/Resorts
  • Schools
  • Other (Please list all mentioned)

Interviewer: Please circle all the appropriate responses for the categories above.

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98
Other (Specify) __ - 96

6. Has anybody ever given you food, gifts, or any favours so that you have sex with them?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

7. How old were you when you first exchanged food, gifts, or any favours for sex?

Response Options:
Age in Years _______
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

8. In the past 12 months, how many sexual partners gave you food, gifts, or any favours so that you have sex with them?

Response Options:
Number of Partners _______
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Zimbabwe

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Applicable

PRIMARY CITATION:

Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and Collaborating Center for Operational Research and Evaluation (CCORE). (2013). National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents, 2011. http://www.togetherforgirls.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/UNICEF_NBSLEA-Report-Zimbabwe-23-10-13.pdf

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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