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Violence Against Children Survey 2011 - Zimbabwe: Sexual Violence - Touching without Consent

The Violence Against Children Survey Sexual Violence-Touching without Consent measure includes 11 items from the Zimbabwe National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents (NBLSEA, 2011). This measure asks young people if they have ever experienced unwanted sexual contact, and if so, how the perpetrator was related to the respondent and the location of the incident. While this measure only assesses touching without consent, the larger survey includes items related to other forms of sexual violence. Violence Against Children Surveys are nationally representative household surveys of children and young adults aged 13 to 24 years. They are designed to measure the prevalence and circumstances surrounding emotional, physical, and sexual violence against males and females in childhood (before age 18). Navigational aspects (i.e., skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included, but can be viewed in the original questionnaire available here

Categories

Geographies Tested: Zimbabwe

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults, Children

Items:

Boys and men [girls and women] may experience unwanted sexual situations by people they know well, such as a romantic partner or friend, or by strangers. The questions in these sections are personal, and maybe uncomfortable to answer, but you will help us understand people’s experience of sexual contact without consent. Your answers are confidential and you can skip any questions you prefer not to answer.

Touching without consent - lifetime
These questions ask you about a time when anyone, male or female, touched you in a sexual way without your consent, but the person did not try and force you to have sex. Touching without consent includes being fondled, pinched, grabbed, or touched against your will.

1. How many times in your life has anyone touched you in a sexual way without your consent, but did not try and force you to have sex?

Response Options:
0 - 0
1 - 1
Write number if 2 times or more: __(two digit numeric value)
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

2. Did you know any of the people who did this to you?

Response Options:
Yes, I knew them - 1
No, I did not know them - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

3. Were any of the people a girlfriend, romantic partner or wife [boyfriend, romantic partner or husband]?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

4. Were they a girlfriend, romantic partner, or wife [boyfriend, romantic partner or husband]? Anyone else? (Circle all mentioned)

Response Options:
Girlfriend[boyfriend]romantic partner - A
Wife[husband] - B
Other (specify) - X
Don’t know - Z
Declined to answer - Y

5. Were any of them relatives?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

6. Which relatives? Any others? (Circle all mentioned)

Response Options:
Male:
Father - A
Stepfather - B
Brother - C
Stepbrother - D
Uncle - E
Other male relative (specify) - X

Female:
Mother - F
Stepmother - G
Sister - H
Stepsister - I
Aunt - J
Other female relative (specify) - S
Don’t know - Z
Declined to answer - Y

7. Did you know any other people who did this to you?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

8. What was your relationship with them? (Circle all mentioned)

Response Options:
Male:
Teacher - A
Police - B
Military - C
Employer - D
Neighbor - E
Community leader - F
Religious leader - G
Other male (specify) - U

Female:
Teacher - H
Police - I
Military - J
Employer - K
Neighbour - L
Community leader - M
Religious leader - N
Other female (specify) - S
Don’t know - Z
Declined to answer - Y

9. Were any of these people authority figures such as teachers, police, or military?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

10. What type of authority figure were they? (Circle all mentioned)

Response Options:
Male:
Teacher - A
Police - B
Military - C
Employer - D
Community leader - E
Religious leader - F
Other male authority figure (specify) - V

Female:
Teacher - G
Police - H
Military - I
Employer - J
Community leader - K
Religious leader - L
Other female authority figure (specify) - T
Don’t know - Z
Declined to answer - Y

11. Now think about the most recent time you were touched sexually when you did not want to be. Where were you when this incident happened?

Response Options:
My home where I grew upat my current home (specify) - 1
Perpetrator’s home - 2
Someone else’s home - 3
Party - 4
Political event - 5
Other public event (specify) - 6
Marketshop - 7
School - 8
Carbus - 9
Going tofrom school - 10
Outside - 11
Other location (specify) - 12
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and Collaborating Center for Operational Research and Evaluation (CCORE). (2013). National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents, 2011. http://www.togetherforgirls.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/UNICEF_NBSLEA-Report-Zimbabwe-23-10-13.pdf

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