Violence Against Children Survey 2011 - Zimbabwe: Emotional Violence

The Violence Against Children Survey Emotional Violence measure includes 9 items from the National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents Report (NBLSEA 2011) as part of a global initiative for measuring violence against children. This measure asks respondents to answer questions about being humiliated, feeling unwanted, and abandonment by others. Violence Against Children Surveys are nationally representative household surveys of children and young adults aged 13 to 24 years. They are designed to measure the prevalence and circumstances surrounding emotional, physical, and sexual violence against males and females in childhood (before age 18). Navigational aspects (i.e., skip-out patterns and next question sequences) have not been included, but can be viewed in the original questionnaire available here

ITEMS:

Adults sometimes say things to children that are hurtful. I am going to ask you a few questions about things that may have happened while you were at home or school or somewhere else.

1. When you are growing up, did any adult ever say or do something on purpose to humiliate you in front of others?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 9

2. How many times has this happened: 1-4 times, 5-10 times, or more than 10 times?

Response Options:
1 to 4 times - 1
5 to 10 times - 2
More than 10 - 3
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

3. How old were you when this first happened: 0-5, 6-11, 12-17, 18 or older?

Response Options:
0 to 5 years - 1
6 to 11 years - 2
12 to 17 years - 3
18 or older - 4
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

4. Did this incident [any of these incidents] happen to you within the past 12 months?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

5. How old were you the last time this happened?

Response Options:
0 to 5 years - 1
6 to 11 years - 2
12 to 17 years - 3
18 or older - 4
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

6. Please think back to all the incidents where an adult has humiliated you in front of others. What was your relationship to the person who did this to you? Anyone else? (Circle all mentioned)

Response Options:
Male
Father - A
Step father - B
Brother - C
Step brother - D
Uncle - E
Teacher - F
Neighbour - G
Other relative (specify) - X
Other authority (specify) - V
Other male (specify) - U

Female Mother - H
Step mother - I
Sister - J
Step sister - K
Aunt - L
Teacher - M
Neighbour - N
Other relative (specify) - W
Other authority (specify) - T
Other female (specify) - S
Don’t know - Z
Declined to answer - Y

7.* When you were growing up, did any adult ever make you feel unwanted?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

8.* When you were growing up, did any adult ever threaten to abandon you or tell you to leave home?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

9.* When you were growing up, did any adult ever abandon you or force you to leave home?

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2
Don’t know - 88
Declined to answer - 98

*The frequency, age, and perpetrator items asked in item 6 were also included for items 7-9. Please see the full questionnaire for more details.

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Zimbabwe

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults
Children

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Applicable

PRIMARY CITATION:

Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (ZIMSTAT), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and Collaborating Center for Operational Research and Evaluation (CCORE). (2013). National Baseline Survey on Life Experiences of Adolescents, 2011. http://www.togetherforgirls.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/UNICEF_NBSLEA-Report-Zimbabwe-23-10-13.pdf

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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