Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale (CSWS)

The Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale (CSWS) is a 35-item measure that assesses 7 sources of self-esteem among college students: academics, appearance, approval from others, competition, family support, God’s love and virtue.

High Psychometric Score

ITEMS:

Others’ approval

1.I don’t care what other people think of me.
2.What others think of me has no effect on what I think about myself.
3.I don’t care if other people have a negative opinion about me.
4.My self-esteem depends on the opinions others hold of me.
5.I can’t respect myself if others don’t respect me.

Appearance

6.My self-esteem does not depend on whether or not I feel attractive.
7.My self-esteem is influenced by how attractive I think my face or facial features are.
8.My sense of self-worth suffers whenever I think I don’t look good.
9.My self-esteem is unrelated to how I feel about the way my body looks.
10.When I think I look attractive, I feel good about myself.

Competition

11.Doing better than others gives me a sense of self-respect.
12.Knowing that I am better than others on a task raises my self-esteem.
13.My self-worth is affected by how well I do when I am competing with others.
14.My self-worth is influenced by how well I do on competitive tasks.
15.I feel worthwhile when I perform better than others on a task or skill.

Academic competence

16.My self-esteem is influenced by my academic performance.
17.I feel better about myself when I know I’m doing well academically.
18.Doing well in school gives me a sense of self-respect.
19.I feel bad about myself whenever my academic performance is lacking.
20.My opinion about myself isn’t tied to how well I do in school.

Family support

21.It is important to my self-respect that I have a family that cares about me.
22.When my family members are proud of me, my sense of self-worth increases.
23.Knowing that my family members love me makes me feel good about myself.
24.When I don’t feel loved by my family, my self-esteem goes down.
25.My self-worth is not influenced by the quality of my relationships with my family members.

Virtue

26.My self-esteem depends on whether or not I follow my moral/ethical principles.
27.My self-esteem would suffer if I did something unethical.
28.I couldn’t respect myself if I didn’t live up to a moral code.
29.Whenever I follow my moral principles, my sense of self-respect gets a boost.
30.Doing something I know is wrong makes me lose my self-respect.

God’s love

31.My self-esteem goes up when I feel that God loves me.’
32.I feel worthwhile when I have God’s love.
33.My self-esteem would suffer if I didn’t have God’s love.
34.My self-worth is based on God’s love.
35.When I think that I’m disobeying God, I feel bad about myself.

Response Options:
1 (Strongly Disagree) to 7 (Strongly Agree), with the midpoint, 4, labeled ‘Neutral’.

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Total scores can be calculated by averaging the scores for all items.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Crocker, J., Luhtanen, R. K., Cooper, M. L., & Bouvrette, A. (2003). Contingencies of self-worth in college students: theory and measurement. Journal of personality and social psychology, 85(5), 894.

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-Retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 5.50/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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