The Perinatal Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Measure is a 4-item measure of individual experience of intimate partner violence during pregnancy and the postpartum period. The perinatal IPV measure captures the experience of physical or sexual abuse.
High Psychometric ScoreShort Measure
1. Did your husband hit, push, kick, beat, or slap you?
2. Did your husband try to burn you?
3. Did your husband insist on sex when you did not want to have sex?
4. Did your husband use force to make you have sex when you did not want to have sex?
Response Options: Yes - 1 No - 2
All items are assessed twice, once for the period during the respondent’s most recent pregnancy and once for the respondent’s postpartum period (six months or less) following that infant’s birth. A “yes” response to any item during either of these periods indicates that the respondent has experienced perinatal IPV.
Silverman, J. G., Balaiah, D., Decker, M. R., Boyce, S. C., Ritter, J., Naik, D. D., ... & Raj, A. (2016). Family violence and maltreatment of women during the perinatal period: associations with infant morbidity in Indian slum communities. Maternal and child health journal, 20(1), 149-157. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10995-015-1814-y
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing