The Perinatal In-Law Violence measure is a 2-item measure of individual experience of physical violence committed by in-laws during pregnancy and the postpartum period.
Geographies Tested: India
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
1. Did your in-laws hit, push, kick, beat, or slap you?
2. Did your in-laws try to burn you?
Yes - 1
No - 2
All items are assessed twice, once for the period during the respondent’s most recent pregnancy and once for the respondent’s postpartum period (six months or less) following that infant’s birth. A “yes” response to any item during either of these periods indicates that the respondent has experienced perinatal ILV.
Silverman, J. G., Balaiah, D., Decker, M. R., Boyce, S. C., Ritter, J., Naik, D. D., ... & Raj, A. (2016). Family violence and maltreatment of women during the perinatal period: associations with infant morbidity in Indian slum communities. Maternal and child health journal, 20(1), 149-157. doi: 10.1007/s10995-015-1814-y
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing