Subjective Happiness Scale

The Subjective Happiness Scale is a 4-item self-report measure of individual subjective happiness. The items ask respondents about the extent to which they perceive themselves to be happy, in absolute terms, as well as relative to their peers.

High Psychometric ScoreShort Measure Multi-Country

ITEMS:

Instructions: For each of the following statements and/or questions, please circle the point on the scale that you feel is most appropriate in describing you.

1. In general, I consider myself:

Response options:
Not a very happy person - 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
- 5
- 6
A very happy person - 7

2. Compared to most of my peers, I consider myself:

Response options:
Less happy - 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
- 5
- 6
More happy - 7

3. Some people are generally very happy. They enjoy life regardless of what is going on, getting the most out of everything. To what extent does this characterization describe you?
4. Some people are generally not very happy. Although they are not depressed, they never seem as happy as they might be. To what extent does this characterization describe you?

Response options:
Not at all - 1
- 2
- 3
- 4
- 5
- 6
A great deal - 7

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

Russia
United States of America

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

A final score of subjective happiness is calculated by averaging the responses to the four items, with the 4th item's response being reverse coded (i.e., 7 turns to a 1, 6 turns to a 2, etc.). The final scores range from 1.0 to 7.0. Higher scores reflect greater subjective happiness.

PRIMARY CITATION:

Lyubomirsky, S., & Lepper, H.S. (1999). A measure of subjective happiness: Preliminary reliability and construct validation. Social Indicators Research, 46(2), 137-155. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006824100041

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-Retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

HIGH
Total Score: 6.00/8 Points (HIGH) 

Citation Frequency

High

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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