Equity for Girls Scale

The Equity for Girls Scale is a 4-item clinician-administered subscale measure of individual attitudes toward female gender norms. It assesses women’s female gender norms including prioritization of working versus having children, and economic self-sufficiency.


Geographies Tested: Egypt

Populations Included: Female

Age Range: Adolescents, Adults


1. Daughters should be able to work outside the home after they have children if they want to.
2. Daughters should have just the same chance to work outside the homes as sons.
3. Daughters should be told that an important reason not to have too many children‚ is so they can work outside the home and earn money.
4. I would like my daughter to be able to work outside the home so she can support‚ herself if necessary.

Response Options:
Disagree - 1
Agree - 2

Scoring Procedures

An item score of 1 represents a more traditional response and 2 is a more egalitarian response. The total scale score is a mean of the items ranging from 1 to 2. This score is a continuum from traditional beliefs at the lower end of the scale to egalitarian beliefs (less agreement with men having more rights and privileges than women) at the upper end.

Original Citation

Waszak, C., Severy, L. J., Kafafi, L., & Badawi, I. (2001). Fertility behavior and psychological stress: The mediating influence of gender norm beliefs among Egyptian women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 25(3), 197-208.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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