Power and Control Scale

Power and Control Scale is a 9-item measure in the US adapted from the Hamby Dominance scale (1996) to understand propensity to dominate and control one's partner. The measure is part of a sub-set of measures to capture the behavioral aspects of relational interactions.


Geographies Tested: United States of America

Populations Included: Male

Age Range: Adults


1. I tried to keep my partner from spending time with the opposite sex.
2. It bothered me when my partner made plans without talking to me first.
3. My partner should not have kept any secrets from me.
4. I insisted on knowing where my partner was at all times.
5. I tended to be jealous.
6. I had a right to know everything my partner did.
7. It would have made me mad if my partner did something I had said not to do.
8. I understood there were some things my partner may not have wanted to talk about with me.*
9. I had a right to be involved with anything my partner did.

Response Options:
5-point Likert scale
Strongly disagree - 1
Strongly agree - 5

*Item is reverse scored

Scoring Procedures

The mean of the item scores is calculated for the total. A higher score is indicative of having a higher propensity to dominate and control one’s partner.

Original Citation

Lee, R. D., Walters, M. L., Hall, J. E., & Basile, K. C. (2012). Behavioral and attitudinal factors differentiating male intimate partner violence perpetrators with and without a history of childhood family violence. Journal of Family Violence, 28(1), 85-94.

Psychometric Score

Ease of Use Score

Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


Scoring Clarity


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