Women's Access to Mobile Phones

Women’s Access to Mobile Phones includes 9 items from a large 11-country survey of women’s mobile phone use. This measure asks women if and how they are able to use and access a mobile phone either by purchasing or borrowing the device. The original questionnaire can be located here.

Multi-Country

ITEMS:

1. Have you ever used a mobile phone?
2. Have you used a mobile phone in the past 3 months?
3. Do you personally own at least one active SIM (a SIM that you carry with you most of the day?)
4. Do you personally own at least one working handset (a handset that you carry with you most of the day?)

Response Options:
Yes - 1
No - 2

5. The last time you used a mobile phone, who did you borrow the handset and/or SIM from?

Response Options:
I used the handset and/or SIM that is available and jointly used in my household - 1
I borrowed a handset and/or SIM from a friend or someone in my family - 2
I used a handset and/or SIM that is available in my community - 3
I used a handset and/or SIM from work - 4
I used a handset and/or SIM from a dealer - 5
Other (please specify):_____ - 97

6. If answered “2. I borrowed a handset and/or SIM from a friend or someone in my family” to the previous question: From whom did you borrow this handset and/or SIM?

Response Options:
From my spouse (husband or wife) - 1
From my son - 2
From my daughter - 3
From my father/father-in-law - 4
From my mother/mother-in-law - 5
From another male relative (brother, cousin, uncle, etc.) - 6
From another female relative (sister, cousin, aunt, etc.) - 7
From a male friend (jncluding neighbors) - 8
From a female friend (including neighbors) - 9
Other (please specify): ____ - 97

7. How soon were you able to get hold of this handset and/or SIM?

Response Options:
I accessed it immediately – 1
I had to wait but could use it within the day - 2
I had to wait longer than a day - 3
Other (please specify):____ - 97

8. Did you have to pay to use this handset and/or SIM?

Response Options:
Yes, I paid a fee - 1
No, I bartered it against products and/or services - 2
No - 3

9. If “1. I paid a fee” to previous question: Where did the money come from?

Response Options:
My own money - 1
The general household budget - 2
My spouse (husband or wife) - 3
My father/father-in-law - 4
My mother/mother-in-law - 5
Another male relative (brother, cousin, uncle, etc.) - 6
Another female relative (sister, cousin, aunt, etc.) - 7
A male friend (including neighbors) - 8
A female friend (including neighbors) - 9
Other (please specify):____ - 97

CATEGORIES:


GEOGRAPHIES TESTED:

China
Colombia
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Egypt
India
Indonesia
Jordan
Kenya
Mexico
Niger
Turkey

POPULATIONS INCLUDED:
Female
Male

AGE RANGE:
Adolescents
Adults

DOWNLOAD MEASURE

Scoring Procedures:

Not Applicable

PRIMARY CITATION:

Santosham, S. & Lindsey, D. (2015). Bridging the gender gap: Mobile access and usage in low- and middle-income countries. https://www.gsma.com/mobilefordevelopment/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/Connected-Women-Gender-Gap.pdf

Pyschometric Score:

FORMATIVE RESEARCH

 Qualitative Research

 Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

 Field Expert Input

 Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing

RELIABILITY

 Internal

 Test-retest

 Interrater

VALIDITY

 Content

 Face

 Criterion (gold-standard)

 Construct

Psychometric Scoring

NO
Total Score: 0.00/10 Points (NO DATA) 

Citation Frequency

No

KEY

 FULL POINTS
 PARTIAL POINTS
 NOT ASSESSED
 NOT APPLICABLE

For more details, see Scoring Methodology

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