Gender-Based Food Intake Stereotype Scale (GBFISS)

The Gender-Based Food Intake Stereotype Scale (GBFISS) is a 21 item measure of gender stereotype influences on food intake among adolescents.


Geographies Tested: Costa Rica

Populations Included: Female, Male

Age Range: Adolescents


1. A man who only eats salads is definitely gay
2. Men who bring fruits to school are usually effeminate
3. Men who watch what they eat to avoid gaining weight are gay
4. A man who eats little is gay
5. Men who eat healthy food to stay in shape are effeminate
6. Men who eat slowly are effeminate
7. Queer men mind their manners when eating
8. Men who eat little are gay
9. Men prefer women who watch what they eat
10. Women who eat quickly appear less feminine
11. Beautiful women generally eat little
12. Women who don’t watch what they eat are not appealing to men
13. The more feminine a woman is, the more fruits she eats
14. If a woman wants to be successful with men, she must watch what she eats
15. A woman who eats a lot looks manly
16. Thin women are more feminine
17. An average man eats a lot
18. Real men eat very quickly
19. Men don’t care if the food they eat is greasy
20. Men eat whatever they want without remorse
21. Men do not care about what they eat

Response Options:
A 5-point Likert scale ranging from ‘strongly disagree’ (1) to ‘strongly agree’ (5)

Scoring Procedures

Not Applicable

Original Citation

Monge-Rojas, R., Reyes Fernandez, B., & Smith-Castro, V. (2020). Gender-based food intake stereotype scale (GBFISS) for adolescents: Development and psychometric evaluation. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine, 8(1), 292-313.

Psychometric Score

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Scoring breakdown

Formative Research

Qualitative Research

Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework

Field Expert Input

Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing








Criterion (gold-standard)



Ease of Use


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