The Reproductive Autonomy Scale Ghana was adapted from the Reproductive Autonomy Scale (RAS) developed by Upadhyay et al. (2014). The adapted version with 6-items includes two modified sub scales of decision-making and communication from the original measure.
Geographies Tested: Ghana
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
1. You, not your partner, has the most say about whether you would use a method to prevent pregnancy.
2. You, not your partner, has the most say about when you have a baby in your life.
3. If you became pregnant but it was unplanned, you, not your partner, would have the most say about whether you would raise the child, seek adoptive parents, or have an abortion.
4. My partner would support me if I wanted to use a method to prevent pregnancy.
5. If I didn’t want to have sex, I could tell my partner.
6. If I really did not want to become pregnant, I could get my partner to agree with me.
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Agree - 3
Strongly agree - 4
The items scores are summed to create a composite score for each sub scale.
Loll, D., Fleming, P. J., Stephenson, R., King, E. J., Morhe, E., Manu, A., & Hall, K. S. (2021). Factors associated with reproductive autonomy in Ghana. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 23(3), 349-366. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2019.1710567
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing